14 November 1992: a British police officer was shot and injured by the IRA in London after confronting two men he had spotted acting suspiciously. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions. 13 June 1994: an IRA bomb exploded at a railroad station in Hertfordshire, England. 10 September 1993: Belfast's transport links were disrupted by a number of IRA hoax alerts. All were discovered before they exploded. For many years, the controversy of the enslavement of blacks was a dividing issue between the North and the South. They also took a handful of armoured cars from British troops as they were evacuating the country. 28 October 1990: an IRA unit exploded a bomb at the house of deputy governor of Maghaberry prison. A group of gunmen claiming to be members of the UVF had forcibly occupied a house opposite the home of a senior loyalist on Upper Glenfarne Street. 18 December 1992: the RUC base at Markethill, County Armagh, was damaged by an IRA mortar attack. 16 December 1991: a small IRA bomb exploded at the RUC station in Saintfield, County Down. The IRA is suspected. 6 November 1991: a small Semtex bomb was defused at the headquarters of, 6 November 1991: the IRA fired a horizontal mortar at a four-vehicle UDR patrol in, 9 November 1991: two incendiary bombs were defused in a, 13 November 1991: the IRA shot dead a UDA member (William Kingsberry) and a Red Hand Commando (Samuel Mehaffey) at their home on Lecale Street, Belfast. 20 January 1993: the IRA launched a barrack buster mortar attack on Clogher RUC base in County Tyrone, causing considerable damage to the building. There were no reported injuries. 11 July 1997: an IRA unit threw a blast bomb at an RUC patrol in the Suffolk area of Belfast. 2 April 1990: a 500 lb (230 kg) IRA van bomb was defused by a controlled explosion outside Fort George British Army base in Derry. The IRA said an RUC officer who lived in the area had been their target. The State’s executions of Anti-Treaty prisoners, 34 of whom were shot in January 1923, also took its toll on the Republicans’ morale. 24 October 1990: in a proxy bomb attack, the IRA forced a civilian (allegedly targeted because he served RUC officers at his filling station), by holding his family hostage, to deliver a bomb to a British Army checkpoint at Cloghoge, County Armagh. 20 August 1992: British soldiers were injured in an IRA bomb attack at Harrield Street, Belfast. 25 April 1994: a British soldier was injured when a mortar hit Crossmaglen British Army base, County Armagh. 13 January 1990: a small bomb caused some damage to the perimeter fence at Lisanelly Barracks, Omagh, County Tyrone. 10 January 1992: five businesses were damaged by firebombs planted by the IRA in Ballymena. Two suspected IRA members were arrested in the aftermath. While his parents were held at gunpoint, he was forced to drive a Toyota Hilux pick-up truck to Annaghmartin military checkpoint. Limerick fell on 20 July, Waterford on the same day and Cork city on 10 August after a Free State force landed by sea at Passage West. The IRA said they had captured it from a drug-dealer. 7 October 1996: the IRA detonated two car bombs at the British Army's Northern Ireland HQ. 15 April 1993: an 81 lb (37 kg) bomb left in a holdall bag in a Belfast shopping centre was defused. Thousands of Anti-Treaty IRA members (including Éamon de Valera on 15 August) were arrested by the Free State forces in the weeks and months after the end of the war, when they had dumped their arms and returned home. In a letter to the Irish Independent on 23 March de Valera accepted the accuracy of their report of his comment about “wading” through blood, but deplored that the newspaper had published it. 7 April 1993: three British soldiers were wounded when the IRA mortared their base in Crossmaglen. By the end of the Civil War, the Irish immigrants had left a mark on history and made a place for themselves in America. 30 January 1992: an IRA firebomb was defused at. 15 January 1994: the IRA exploded a total of eleven incendiary devices in commercial premises in Belfast, Newtownards, Finaghy, and Newry. The British Army stated that the IRA volunteers had been intercepted on their way to an attack. 20 October 1990: a former UDR soldier (David Pollock) was shot dead by the IRA in Strabane. 8 September 1991: an RUC base came under sustained mortar and heavy machine gun fire at Carrickmore, County Tyrone. 10 March 1993: Former UDR soldier Philip Martin escaped injury when he was shot at outside his home in Pomeroy, County Tyrone, while in company of his two children. 20 August 1993: an IRA mortar attack on Newry's courthouse wounded ten people, among them a 10-year boy and two RUC officers. 8 May 1991: the IRA was responsible for several bomb hoaxes in Belfast. 9 March 1993: a British soldier was shot and wounded by the IRA in east Belfast. 10 April 1996: a group of sixteen undercover SAS members restrained seven people, at least four of them IRA volunteers, part of one of the two sniper teams which operated in South Armagh, and handed them over to the RUC, after tracking the IRA militants to a farm complex. 13 April 1991: an off-duty RUC officer (Samuel McCrum) was shot dead by the IRA at his wife's shop, Antrim Street. By this point the Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin party had secured a large majority in the general election, along with other parties that supported the Treaty. 21 August 1992: a civilian (Isobel Leyland), a Belfast native visiting from England, was shot dead in a crossfire by the IRA during a gun battle in Ardoyne with the RUC. 23 June 1993: an IRA volunteer (Joseph Mulhern) was found shot by side of road, Ballymongan, near Castlederg, County Tyrone, as an alleged informer. 10 September 1990: a senior citizen escaped injury when a bomb attached to his car failed to explode in Newtownabbey, County Antrim. By 9:00 am, at the height of the rush hour, London was 'gridlocked' with a ten-mile (16 km) jam on the M25. 10 June 1997: the IRA carried out a gun attack on an undercover British Army unit in Derry. 18 December 1991: the IRA detonated a 500 lb (230 kg) car bomb in Belfast near the Law Courts. 6 June 1991: the IRA killed an IRA member (Ruairi Finnis) in Derry as an alleged informer. 17 September 1991: an RUC officer (Erik Clarke) was killed and several British soldiers wounded when the IRA carried out a horizontal mortar attack against a joint patrol in Swatragh, County Londonderry. 12 December 1991: a large IRA bomb exploded on the grounds of a vacated Territorial Army base near Derry. 1 December 1991: A 100 lb (45 kg) IRA bomb was defused in Sion Mills, County Londonderry. The conflict was rooted in disagreement over the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was narrowly endorsed by Dáil Éireann by 64 – 57 votes on the 7th January 1922. 30 August 1994: the IRA carried out a bomb attack on an RUC base at Springfield Road, Belfast. 3 August 1990: the British Army defused a 600 lb (270 kg) bomb on a trailer in Rasharkin, County Antrim. The civil war, fought from June 28, 1922 to May, 24 1923, was waged between two opposing groups, Irish republicans and Irish nationalists, over the Anglo-Irish Treaty. 2 November 1991: British security forces escaped injury following a bomb attack in the vicinity of Spamount Road and Halliday's Road, north Belfast. 13 January 1993: a 30 lb bomb intended for security forces investigating the assassination of Matthew Boyd was defused at Dungannon, County Tyrone. An RUC Sergeant (Stephen Gillespie) died two days later. He had recently been ordered to leave Northern Ireland by the IRA. The IRA later said two devices that failed to explode remained in the area. A second bomb, a booby-trap device, exploded minutes later. 9 July 1997: IRA gunmen hijacked and burned a number of vehicles at Dungannon, County Tyrone. 21 June 1990: a 250 lb (110 kg) IRA bomb was defused in Omagh, County Tyrone. 1 October 1991: the IRA apologised to two people, Roger Earlwood (25) and his girlfriend Amanda Stewart (18) whom one of its Active Service Units knocked down and seriously injured during a get-away from a bomb attack on the Army at Upper Dunmurray Lane. There were no injuries. 20 July 1994: the IRA launched a mortar attack on the British Army base at Crossmaglen. The Four Courts along the River Liffey quayside. Six of the column were killed and thirty captured, along with an armoured car. A five-week old baby was also seriously injured after being hit twice. 2 May 1990: a bomb exploded under a landrover in. The strike lasted for forty one days and met little success. 12 November 1990: 50 lb (23 kg) of Semtex and several firearms were found with six IRA suspects by police in London. 8 April 1991: a proxy bomb attack took place at the RUC/British Army base at Belleek, County Fermanagh. IRA leaders such as Liam Lynch were prepared to accept this compromise. A similar attack was carried out in February 1987. One of which was the Provisional government in which supported the idea of Ireland as a free state, the other side being the Republicans which opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty and wanted Ireland to still be part of the United Kingdom. 4 February 1993: a civilian worker was seriously injured after the IRA launched a mortar attack on the joint RUC/British Army barracks in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. Pitched battles continued in Dublin until 5 July, as Anti-Treaty IRA units from the Dublin Brigade, led by Oscar Traynor, occupied O’Connell Street – provoking a week’s more street fighting. 24 May 1991: an RUC Chief Inspector was shot and seriously wounded in an IRA gun attack near Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. 8 March 1993: two RUC officers and three civilians were wounded by an IRA bomb blast in Belfast. The sangar was heavily damaged by the explosion. Eamon de Valera had not been party to the Treaty and did not support it. 23 September 1992: A massive 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) IRA truck-bomb exploded outside the Forensic Science Laboratory at. The IRA is suspected. 2 July 1992: the IRA admitted responsibility for the killing of three men, whose bodies were found at different roadsides in County Armagh. 17 June 1992: a bomb in central Belfast wounded five UDR soldiers and two RUC constables. 9 September 1992: a civilian was wounded in an IRA bomb attack in County Armagh. 1 December 1990: an IRA unit launched a machine gun attack on a British Army patrol at a permanent checkpoint at Killyvilly. The Republicans made much use of this fact in their propaganda — claiming that the Free State was only a proxy force for Britain itself. 10 November 1990: an attempted IRA bombing in Belfast city centre was aborted and the car containing the bomb abandoned at the. 29 October 1993: a small IRA bomb exploded in Edwards Square, London. 19 January 1991: the IRA carried out an abortive rocket attack on the joint British-Army base in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. 14 May 1990: a joint British Army/RUC patrol came under rocker attack in west Belfast. In addition, the National Army’s operations in the field were slowly but steadily breaking up the remaining Republican concentrations. 31 August 1993: two British soldiers were wounded when the IRA detonated a car-bomb near their patrol in the. Eight people were injured. Irish Civil War A June general election in the Free State is won by those supporting the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The Civil War split the IRA. A device in another store was defused. 6 February 1997: an improvised explosive device was thrown at an RUC mobile patrol in the nationalist area of Killwilkie state, Lurgan, County Armagh. 30 January 1991: after an IRA car bomb attack, a dairy firm in Armagh town agreed not to supply the British Army or the RUC. The civilian driver escaped but a soldier was killed and 13 other soldiers were injured. The vehicle was found to contain 3,500 pounds (1,600 kg) of homemade explosives, the biggest IRA bomb until then. Arthur Griffith, the Free State president had also died of a brain hemorrhage ten days before, leaving the Free State government in the hands of W.T. 12 January 1994: a female British soldier was shot twice and wounded by an IRA sniper in the New Lodge area of Belfast. He was arrested afterwards for trying to purchase detonators in Arizona, USA. A National Army report of 11 April stated, “Events of the last few days point to the beginning of the end as a far as the irregular campaign is concerned”. Another RUC officer was shot and wounded at a Belfast checkpoint. 15 August 1991: a Catholic civilian (James Woods) was killed and a number of British soldiers wounded when the IRA launched a grenade attack at a British Army foot patrol, off Gortfin Street, Falls, Belfast. 10 January 1997: an IRA statement was issued in the Andersontown News saying that "action" would be taken against informers. 4 October 1992: a young Catholic man was shot and wounded near Castlederg, County Tyrone in a botched IRA attack on British security forces. 6 February 1990: a part-time RUC Reserve officer survived a bomb attack at his farm at Lack, County Fermanagh. 27 January 1994: an IRA member was hospitalised after a horizontal mortar he was preparing exploded in Derry. 11 January 1994: three RUC officers were injured when their patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in the Short Strand area of Belfast. 13 March 1997: an armoured Land Rover from the 2nd Battalion. On 18 February, Anti-Treaty officer Dinny Lacey was killed and his column rounded up at the Glen of Aherlow in Tipperary. Collins’ death increased the bitterness of the Free State leadership towards the Republicans and probably contributed to the subsequent descent of the conflict into a cycle of atrocities and reprisals. A selection of useful links and Irish history resources: Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 10 April 1991: the IRA carried out an unsuccessful mortar attack on Dungannon RUC station. 19 December 1993: an IRA bomb went off near a derelict farm in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. The RUC said masked men were seen at the bar at just before the explosion; the owner said a member of staff had been threatened by four men who said they were from the IRA and demanded to be let into the premises. 9 May 1993: two IRA incendiary devices ignited in the Galleries shopping centre in, 12 May 1993: an IRA incendiary device partially detonated in the Cornmarket area of. Military victory must be allowed to rest for the moment with those who have destroyed the Republic.”. 6 January 1997: an RUC officer was injured when an IRA rocket hit a security hut at the Royal Courts of Justice in Belfast. 17 December 1991: a house in the Lower Falls area of Belfast was destroyed, apparently by an incendiary device inadvertently brought home from the Victoria centre. 1 February 1992: the IRA detonated a car bomb on Botanic Avenue, north Belfast. 15 February 1996: a bomb placed in a phone booth on the Charing Cross Road in, 18 February 1996: an improvised high explosive device detonated prematurely on a bus in. In any case, the IRA leaders paid no attention to it, seeing the Republican authority as vested in their own military leaders. 14 September 1993: the IRA detonated a bomb at the Fir Trees hotel in Strabane, County Tyrone, causing serious damage. 9 December 1992: the IRA detonated two car-bombs on King Street, Belfast City centre. 6 January 1994: an IRA unit fired a grenade at a British patrol on the Springfield Road Belfast. 15 March 1992: an IRA unit fired more than 1,000 rounds at two helicopters from across the border near Rosslea, County Fermanagh. 19 September 1990: an RUC sergeant was injured in an ambush in Castlederg, County Tyrone. Upon the treaty’s ratification, Éamon de Valera resigned as President of the Republic and failed to be re-elected by an even closer vote of 60-58. 18 April 1997: a series of bombs and bomb alerts brought Britain's transport system to a halt and effectively cut all the main routes connecting England to. 23 September 1996: a man escaped an attack by DAAD gunmen by jumping out a window in the Roden Street area of Belfast. 10 September 1991: a UVF member (John Hanna) was shot dead by the IRA in South Belfast. However, this represented the ‘point of no return’ when all-out war was ipso facto declared and the Civil War officially began. 15 September 1993: the IRA shot dead a Catholic man (Adrian McGovern) outside his home, Stoneyford Road, Lisburn, County Antrim. 6 July 1997: a military base in West Belfast came under gun and grenade attack from an IRA unit. 24 November 1992: a 700 lb (320 kg) IRA bomb was defused in Chichester Street in Belfast city centre. 6 February 1994: three British soldiers were injured when an IRA horizontal mortar hit their patrol vehicle in Poleglass, West Belfast. This completely undermined the electoral pact between the pro- and anti-treaty factions, who went into the Irish general election on 18 June 1922 as hostile parties, both calling themselves Sinn Féin. The IRA is suspected. 23 August 1991: the IRA was responsible for thirty bomb alerts in Belfast. 24 July 1994: the IRA launched a landmine attack on an RUC patrol in. 23 December 1991: three IRA firebombs exploded at separate underground railway stations in London. 3 April 1991: a British army patrol was left unharmed by an explosion in South Armagh. An RUC officer and four civilians were injured. One soldier, an Englishman (Paul Sutcliffe) died instantly; the other soldier (Roger Love) died three days later, on 4 March. In late September, for example, a sweep of northern county Sligo by Free State troops under Sean MacEoin successfully cornered the Anti-Treaty column which had been operating in the north of the county. Eight people had to be treated for shock. 15 February 1992: the IRA detonated a 250 lb (110 kg) car bomb on Adelaide Street, Belfast. A Protestant teenager was shot in the shoulder. 23 October 1992: a 100 lb (45 kg) IRA car bomb was defused outside Central Station, Belfast. 20 May 1993: a 1,000 lb (450 kg) IRA bomb exploded in Glengall Street, Belfast, causing over 5 million pounds worth of damage. 31 March 1996: the IRA handed over £20,000 pounds of captured cannabis to a priest in Newry who then handed it over to the RUC. The guerrilla phase of the war was marked by assassinations and executions of leaders formerly allied in the cause of Irish independence. 24 July 1990: three RUC officers (Joshua Willis, William Hanson, and David Sterritt) as well as one civilian, were killed when an IRA unit ambushed a joint RUC and British Army patrol on Killylea Road in Armagh town. 30 July 1992: an improvised grenade was thrown at a mobile patrol behind Castle Court shopping in Belfast. 8 January 1991: an incendiary device was defused in Castlecourt Shopping Centre, Belfast. 27 February 1992: the IRA warned four contractors in the Strabane, County Tyrone, area not to do work for the RUC or British Army. The patrol were in pursuit of a man who had been acting suspiciously when a single high velocity shot was fired by a sniper who is believed to have been in a nearby vehicle. (2000) 'Transforming the Conflict' from Paths to a Settlement in Northern Ireland", Peter Heathwood Collection of television programs: 1998, "Northern Ireland: 27 Oct 1994: House of Commons debates", "1994: IRA declares 'complete' ceasefire", "CAIN: IRA Ceasefire Statement, 31 August 1994", "1996: Docklands bomb ends IRA ceasefire", "Hammersmith Bridge: tales of bombs, boat races and Bazalgette", "Bomb hits street of diplomats IRA code warns of blast", "Former British soldier is jailed over IRA attack on base", Peter Heathwood Collection of television programs: 1996, "Shattered illusions--the Thiepval Barracks bombing", "Ceasefire - Thursday 12 December 1996 - Hansard - UK Parliament", "CNN - British soldier injured in Northern Ireland bomb blast - Jan. 26, 1997", "CAIN: Peter Heathwood Collection of Television Programmes", "Explosive device thrown at RUC patrol in Lurgan", "IRA bomb could have caused huge loss of life", "Policeman hurt by explosion in nationalist area of Tyrone", "South Armagh Brigade claims sniper attack | An Phoblacht", "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1997 - UTV news", "IRA back in fray with trackside explosions", "Shots fired at checkpoints in Fermanagh", "SF 'Hypocrisy' Attacked after Alert over Bomb", "IRA gun attack in Derry may put SF talks at risk", "Rocket fired at RUC in Belfast flashpoint area", "Anarchy Reigns In Catholic Parts of Northern Ireland", "Northern Ireland 'not ready' for Troubles legacy, says report", "RUC lists over 100 injured in disturbances", "IRA hijacks and sets fire to commuter train", "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1997 - UTV News", "IRA suspect in derelict farm body discovery", "Informer fights for his life after shooting", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chronology_of_Provisional_Irish_Republican_Army_actions_(1990–99)&oldid=1001423110, Terrorist incidents in Europe in the 1990s, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2 January 1990: an IRA unit threw a bomb at a. 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