27 April] 1871 – 10 July [O.S. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/sergei-alexandrovich/ [56] She was murdered during the Russian Civil War in 1918, together with her maid, also a nun. One thousand three hundred people, many hideously mutilated and unrecognizable, were killed and twice that number were seriously injured. Grand Duke Sergei's crypt at the Chudov Monastery. He was born on May 11, 1857 during the time of the Autocracy. In 1884, Sergei married Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. The Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia. He became a focus for serious opponents of the regime as well as for malicious gossip. [21] Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (????? 27 April] 1871 – 10 July [O.S. Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia. [26] In private, he and his wife were concerned about the poverty they saw in Moscow and the surrounding countryside, discussing ways to improve it. Emperor Alexander III adopted a policy of repression; he wanted a like mind at the helm of Imperial Russia's second city and former capital. 1.5M ratings 277k ratings ????? [45] He was of the opinion that only the utmost severity could put an end to the revolutionary ferment, but in the wake of civil disorder Nicholas II was forced to make concessions. By the time Sergei was born, his mother was already in declining health. He was fluent in several languages and learned Italian in order to read Dante in the original. [9], Grand Duke Sergei's body was buried in a crypt of the Chudov Monastery within the precincts of the Moscow Kremlin. Sergei took part in the war with his father and brothers, the Tsarevich Alexander and Grand Dukes Vladimir and Alexei. As part of the preparations, Sergei had introduced the novelty of electric light to Moscow. Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia (St. Petersburg 14 January 1850 (2 January O.S.) 28 June] 1899) was the third son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria of Russia. 27 April] 1871 – 10 July [ O.S. Thoroughly disillusioned with the whole situation and deciding it was the right time to retire into private life, he informed the Tsar that new times needed new faces. . He was a Grand Duke because he was the fifth son and seventh of the children of Tsar Alexander II and a brother of his successor Tsar Alexander III. Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia: | | | Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The palace was then the property of his widow who became a nun in 1909. [2] There were hesitations on both sides and Elizabeth first rejected his proposal of marriage. After the assassination of his brother Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia in February 1905 and his retirement in disgrace from the navy in June that same year, Alexei Alexandrovich spent most of his time in a Paris house which he had bought in 1897. In January 1850, Maria Alexandrovna gave birth to a fourth son, Grand Duke Alexei. Не по своей воле/Polyan P. Not by the free will, p. 26. [7] He was consequently promoted to Colonel. – Paris, 14 November 1908) was the fifth child and the fourth son of Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse).Destined to a naval career, Alexei Alexandrovich started his military training at the age of 7. Puritan and humourless, at least in public, he had a total disregard for public opinion. He had politically conservative views but as a military commander embraced progressive reforms, such as the abolition of corporate punishment. Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia. Until he was old enough to begin lessons, Sergei's earlier years were spent with his younger brother Paul, from whom he was inseparable, and their sister at Livadia, the family's Crimean re… During the expulsion, homes were surrounded by mounted Cossacks in the middle of the night while policemen ransacked every house. Early in the morning of 30 May [O.S. In 1896, he was promoted to Lieutenant General and appointed as Commander of Moscow military district. He laid the blame on others, most notably on Ilarion Count Voronzov-Dashkov, head of the Ministry of the Imperial Court, with whom there had been some dispute over the management of the coronation festivities,[32] and Colonel Alexander Vlasovsky (1842–1899), the city of Moscow's Chief of Police. He served for almost 15 years as the governor-general of Moscow until becoming a victim of terrorist violence during the 1905 Revolution. He was born on May 11, 1857, at the Catherine Palace at Tsarskoye Selo near St. Petersburg, Russia, the son of Alexander II, Emperor of All Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. [22] In three carefully planned phases over the next twelve months, Moscow's Jews were expelled. After the tragedy, many members of the Romanov family, headed by Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich and his brothers, thought that the remaining festivities should be cancelled. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. He was born on May 11, 1857 during the time of the Autocracy. He would grow up to be handsome, powerful … In 1892, as the governor of Moscow, he executed the state's order and expelled the large portion of the Jewish population from the city. On 29 March, the first day of Passover, the city's Jewish population learned of the new decree that called for their expulsion. He found it hard to cope with opposition and easily lost his temper. The relationship between Grand Duke Sergei and his nephew, who had served under his command in the Preobrazhensky Life Guard Regiment, was close and it became stronger with Nicholas II's marriage to Princess Alix of Hesse, the youngest sister of Sergei's wife—a union that Sergei and Elizabeth Feodorovna had helped to promote. [52] Some of the Grand Duke's fingers, still adorned with the rings he habitually wore, were found on the roof of a nearby building and were recovered some time later.[52][54]. [5] An educational tour that had been proposed for him was postponed upon the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. Nevertheless, Sergei, as Governor General approved the plans. Grand Duke Sergei's education gave him lifelong interests in culture and the arts. His conservative policies, extreme even by contemporary standards, made him a polarizing figure, and he was regarded as a reactionary. Because of the possibility of danger, he had refused to take his adjutant, Alexei, since he was married with small children and he feared for his life. Shy by nature, he dreaded personal contact. He had left written instructions that he was to be buried in the Preobrazhensky Lifeguard regiment uniform, but as his body was so badly mutilated this proved impossible. He was an influential figure during the reigns of his brother Tsar Alexander III of Russia and his nephew Tsar Nicholas II, who was also his brother in law. From the 1870s, Sergei and his younger brother Paul were kept in Russia by their studies. [19] The couple also had Ferme, a villa located in the grounds of Peterhof that Sergei had inherited from his mother. [31] The burial crypt of the Grand Duke was located in a courtyard of that building, which had been used as a parking lot. 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