Tempo: e=172 Lento e = 112 BPM . "The extensive use of folk-songs in 20th century American music and the 'wide-open-spaces' atmosphere of 'Western' film scores may have at least some of their origins" in Dvořák's new American style, writes Butterworth. The third movement is a variant of the traditional scherzo. Program notes. The movement then goes into a bridge, developing harmonically, but still with the open, triadic sense of openness and simplicity. Program Notes: String Quartet No. Info. There remains only the scurrying finale. In the summer of 1893 Dvořák took his family to Spillville, Iowa, for a vacation away from New York City. [29] Burghauser mentions press notices in both cities, the first in the New York Herald, 18 December 1893. 10 in E-flat major for Strings, Opus 51, Fauré: Trio in D minor for Violin, Cello, and Piano, Opus 120. We should note, too, that these traits relate to American, Slavic, and many other folk traditions. Lento. Molto vivace 4. Tempo: e=172 Lento e = 112 BPM . However, when the group tried it out, my Father said there was something wrong … [8], While the influence of American folk song is not explicit in the quartet, the impact of Dvořák's quartet on later American compositions is clear. The second theme, in A major, is also primarily pentatonic, but ornamented with melismatic elements reminiscent of Gypsy or Czech music. Program Notes Lyric Quartette (1960) William Grant Still (1895-1978) The "Lyric String Quartette" was written at the request of Joachim Chassman, for his string quartet group. To the quartet he gave no subtitle himself, but there is the comment "The second composition written in America. 1949) is acclaimed for works of compulsive rhythm, vivid color, and catholicity in bringing together the traditions of classical and popular music. The music of John Harbison (b. In Tibbetts, John C., Ed., Interviewed by James Creelman, New York Herald, May 21, 1893, John Clapham. Bach, Vivaldi, Johann Strauss I, Ravel, Debussy, W.A. Dvořák: Quartet No. 9 New World Feature: “Florence Price and the Legacy of Dvořák” Chamber Music Performance MEMBERS OF THE BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Xin Ding, violin I Catherine French, violin II Daniel Getz, viola Mickey Katz, cello Florence PRICE String Quartet in G. Download the full Program Notes (PDF) It has the form ABABA: the A section is a sprightly, somewhat quirky tune, full of off-beats and cross-rhythms. Sheet Music PDF MP3 Midi Parts Versions. 97 (American) Dvořák composed the E-flat major string quintet between June 26 and August 1, 1893, while he was living in Spillville, Iowa. Dvořák cherished his days in Spillville, as this music testifies. The group prospered, and in 1862 its members formed the founding core of the Provisional Theatre orchestra. We sometimes fail to think of Fauré as a twentieth-century composer, which he assuredly was by virtue of not only chronology but also musical style. [6] The American Quartet proved a turning point in Dvořák's chamber music output: for decades he had toiled unsuccessfully to find a balance between his overflowing melodic invention and a clear structure. Program Notes Dover Quartet Joel Link, violin Bryan Lee, violin Milena Pajaro-van de Stadt, viola Camden Shaw, cello Streaming Premiere Thursday, December 10, 2020, 7pm Available on demand through March 10, 2021 Filmed exclusively for Cal Performances at Gould Rehearsal Hall, Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia, on October 15–16, 2020. The first movement is a Fantasia that spins out an abundance of complex imitative counterpoint. From 1990-92 he was creative chair with the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra. 96, B. Allegro ma non troppo 2. Also in 2002, Rouse’s Concert de Gaudí, a guitar concerto, was awarded a Grammy for Best Classical Contemporary Composition. There is also something old-fashioned about the composer's seductive, gossamer sound, redolent of a Belle Époque salon and conveying a sense of restrained passion that lurks just beneath the polite surface; surely this is on display in the poignant Andantino. Written in the summer of 1893 after an exhaustive year of being director, composer and teacher, Dvořák accepted an … 96 'American'," sleeve notes to, Excerpts from Dvorak’s correspondence: to the secretary of London’s Philharmonic Society, Francesco Berger (Vysoka, 12. 95 “From the New World” Adagio – Allegro molto Largo Scherzo – Molto vivace Allegro con fuoco A search for the identity of American music happened long before George Gershwin came onto the scene. John Harbison: Quartet No. Later, his eyesight also began to fail, and he suffered from sclerosis and emphysema. Also influential in his formation was the composer William Schuman, past president of the Juilliard School and a founder of Lincoln Center. play. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Antonín Dvořák Born September 8, 1841, Mühlhausen, Bohemia (now Nelahozeves, Czech Republic). Hawaiian chants are often based on as few as two pitches, and Hawaiian percussion emphasizes short, repetitive patterns. 96; the resulting "American" String Quartet is, along with the "New World" Symphony and perhaps a handful of the Slavonic Dances, the only Dvorák music that many music-lovers have ever learned to recognize. The opening theme of the quartet is purely pentatonic, played by the viola, with a rippling F major chord in the accompanying instruments. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No._12_(Dvořák) By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Dvořák composed the quartet in 1893 during a summer vacation from his position as director (1892–1895) of the National Conservatory in New York City. Some have claimed that the theme of the second movement is based on a Negro spiritual, or perhaps on a Kickapoo Indian tune, which Dvořák heard during his sojourn at Spillville. Learn More. The Piano Trio is an unmistakably tonal work, yet one needs look no further than the long-spun principal theme of the first movement—marked cantando (“singing”)—to marvel at how Fauré maintains a sense of tonal rootedness while allowing his melody to range through distant realms. He is a former music director of the Cantata Singers in Boston, and for many years has been Principal Guest Conductor of Emmanuel Music in Boston, directing performances of Bach cantatas, seventeenth-century motets, and new works. Notably, Dvořák asked Americans to find inspiration in Native American and African American tunes and songs, encouragement he followed himself in such works as "New World Symphony," the "American" string quartet, and the haunting slow movement from his Sonatina for Violin and Piano. The music of the Finale was initially sketched to be a scherzo, and although plans for that movement were scrapped, the attendant vivacity remains. Program Notes: Montrose Trio Sunday, September 22, 2019. Dvořák: Quartet No. The String Quartet No. 2 for Strings Program Notes Five Songs in Counterpoint Florence Price. Still, these upsets did not impede his creativity, and during his final decade he produced a string of chamber masterpieces: the Second Violin Sonata (1916-17), the two Cello Sonatas (1917 and 1921), the Second Piano Quintet (1919-1921), the Piano Trio (1922-23), and the String Quartet (1923-24)—all of these being minor-key works. The Quartet in E-flat major (1878-79) appeared midway through that span, not long after his contract with Simrock boosted his career. [8], The first two public performances of the quartet were by the Kneisel quartet, in Boston on 1 January 1894,[27][28] and then In New York on 13 January. [5], Dvořák sketched the quartet in three days and completed it in thirteen more days, finishing the score with the comment "Thank God! The work concludes with a Sonata and, at the end, a Chorale Fantasia that evokes the late-Baroque spirit of Bach. Gabriel Fauré’s D minor Piano Trio was his last completed work but one, followed only by his E minor String Quartet. "[12] For its presumed association with African-American music, the quartet was referred to with nicknames such as Negro and Nigger, before being called the American Quartet. Accent: ANTONÍN DVOŘÁK BORN: September 8, 1841, in Nelahozeves, near Kralupy, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) DIED: May 1, 1904, in Prague, Bohemia. It was fast. The final movement is in a traditional rondo form, ABACABA. COMPOSED: He composed his cantata The American Flag, to a poem by Joseph Rodman Drake, from August 3, 1892, through January 8, 1893. He graduated from the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music in 1971; twenty-five years later his alma mater also awarded him an honorary doctorate. Three times from 1874 to 1877 he was awarded the Austrian State Stipendium, a grant newly created by the Ministry of Education to assist young, poor, gifted musicians—which very much defined his status at the time. Vivace ma non troppo In 1892, the American philanthropist Jeanette Thurber persuaded Czech composer Antonin Dvořák … Thus was launched the career of the man who would be embraced as the quintessential Bohemian composer, both in his native land and beyond Czech borders. In the second half of this program, Xavier Foley, esteemed bassist from the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, will join the Calidore Quartet for the performance of Dvořák’s Quintet in G major for Two Violins, Viola, Cello, and Bass, Op. As often is the case with Dvořák, the orchestral version gives the work a new breadth. In 1993, Rouse was honored with an American Academy of Arts and Letters Award in Music, and in 2002 the Academy elected him to its membership. Quartet in F Major, Op. His operas, songs, and symphonic works met with great success, but the steadiest stream of his top-drawer production came in the field of chamber music, which includes fourteen string quartets composed from 1862 until 1895. As a prelude to the Modigliani Quartet's performance of Dvořák’s "American" quartet, guest blogger Adam Gingery of Backstage Podcast considers the composer's musical and cultural influence on the U.S.. Dvořák came to the U.S. a simple man. quartet grew from the sounds Dvořák heard in America and hold rather that it is based on certain melodic and rhythmic similarities shared by both American ethnic music and the Bohemian-Slavic folk tradition. After the first theme is restated in the recapitulation, there is a cello solo that bridges to the second theme. 12 in F Major, Op. After graduating from the Prague Organ School, where he finished second in a class of twelve students, Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904) secured a spot as violist in a dance orchestra. He spent his vacation in the town of Spillville, Iowa, which was home to a Czech immigrant community. "[7], For his symphony Dvořák gave the subtitle himself: "From the New World". Sheet Music PDF MP3 Midi Parts Versions. World North America USA Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt sheet music for Violin. 1894), quoted in, Program notes written by Dvořák for the first London performance of the. Program notes. 9 in E-minor, Op. "[8], For the London premiere of his New World symphony, Dvořák wrote: "As to my opinion I think that the influence of this country (it means the folk songs as are Negro, Indian, Irish etc.) Although indigenous instruments are not employed, the timbre of their voices is evoked. 179, “American” 1. More than a hundred of his compositions have been issued on recordings, an unusually fine showing for a contemporary composer. He has appeared as conductor with many notable orchestras, including the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Boston Symphony, Scottish Chamber Orchestra, and Handel and Haydn Society. His music has been programmed by every major American orchestra in addition to many of the principal orchestras of Europe, Australia, and Asia. The quartet is one of the most popular in the chamber music repertoire. 106, his thirteenth quartet, over a four-week period, in November and early December. 12 in F Major, Op. He was working confidently and had already completed the String Quartet in G, B.192, Op. 12 in F Major Opus 96, the “American” Allegro ma non troppo. Antonin Dvořák (b Nelahozeves, Bohemia (now Czech Republic), September 8, 1841; d Prague, May 1, 1904) Symphony No. 1, and in 1993 he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Music for his Trombone Concerto. During these early years, he also honed his skills as a composer, and by 1871 he left the orchestra to devote himself to composing full-time. [21] "The specific American qualities of the so-called "American" Quartet are not easily identifiable, writes Lucy Miller, "...Better to look upon the subtitle as simply one assigned because of its composition during Dvořák's American tour. The composer Albert Roussel summed it up the year of Fauré’s death: “Without noise or fuss or meaningless gestures, he pointed the way towards marvelous musical horizons overflowing with freshness and light.”. This same F major chord continues without harmonic change throughout the first 12 measures of the piece. Underlying this surface simplicity is a wealth of subtle rhythmic inflection and variation. Jean E. Snyder, `A great and noble school of music: Dvořák, Harry T. Burleigh, and the African American Spiritual.' "[4] He composed the quartet shortly after the New World Symphony, before that work had been performed. Finale: vivace ma non troppo. The Kneisel Quartet gave the premiere in Boston on New Year’s Day 1894 and in New York on January 12. 1938) is often lyrical, with lines weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it may include interludes of intense sonority and tension. The Concerto movement bristles with virtuosic figuration, while the Recitative and Aria strikes a more variegated pose, flitting among emotional stances and serving as a fulcrum for a quartet that echoes the five-movement arch forms of Bartók’s Fourth and Fifth Quartets. Program Notes. Antonin Dvořák (Born near Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) in 1841; died in Prague in 1904) String Quartet No. Sheet Music PDF MP3 Midi Parts Versions. He studied privately with George Crumb for two years and then pursued composition studies with Karel Husa and Robert Palmer at Cornell University, which granted him the DMA degree in 1977. Program Notes: It was during these years in America that he wrote some of his most iconic works including what we are hearing tonight, String Quartet No. The quartet was later given the title “American” and serves as a pleasant reminder of that wonderful holiday the Dvořáks spent with their countrymen in Spillville, Iowa. "String quartet in F major Op. It comprises five movements, which are connected into a single span. Dvořák composed the String Quartet No. Program Notes: Dvořák spent Christmas 1895 at his country home at Vysoká, just outside Prague. This analysis is based on analyses in Griffiths, Miller, and "Antonín Dvořák" in Walter Willson Cobbett, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=String_Quartet_No._12_(Dvořák)&oldid=1000495501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 09:30. 14 in A-flat major for Strings, Opus 105. The children arrived safely from Europe and we’re all happy together. James M. Keller is the Program Annotator of the San Francisco Symphony and of the New York Philharmonic. American nickname: openhearted, untroubled, straightforward, unlearned in the best sense of the word. PROGRAM Franz Joseph HAYDN (1732–1809) Quartet in 77, which is filled with appealing melodies and natural rhythms, with a touch of Slavonic coloring mixed in. Program Notes: String Quartet No. The theme of the second movement is the one that interpreters have most tried to associate with a Negro spiritual or with an American Indian tune. Lento 3. Allegro ma non troppo 2. It was written in 1893, during Dvořák's time in the United States. In 2009, he was named Composer of the Year by Musical America, and from 2012 to 2015 he served as composer-in-residence at the New York Philharmonic. Antonín Dvorák hadn't composed a string quartet in 12 years when, in the summer of 1893, he sat down to compose the String Quartet No. 2 (1986-87) was commissioned by the Harvard Musical Association for performance by the Emerson String Quartet. Program Notes Dover Quartet Joel Link, violin Bryan Lee, violin Milena Pajaro-van de Stadt, viola Camden Shaw, cello Streaming Premiere Thursday, December 10, 2020, 7pm Available on demand through March 10, 2021 Filmed exclusively for Cal Performances at Gould Rehearsal Hall, Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia, on October 15–16, 2020. Certainly Fauré did not personally tread the revolutionary routes charted by such composers as Debussy, Schoenberg, Webern, Stravinsky, and Bartók; but neither did he stop extending his own path. Rouse went on to teach at the University of Michigan, the Eastman School of Music, and the Juilliard School (where he has taught since 1997). This piece is part of our collection of American pieces. The B section is more lyrical, but continues in the spirit of the first theme. And it’s good that it did. ... the “American” Quartet and the E-flat major String Quintet is frankly astonishing. Program Notes Dvořák’s “American” Quartet "The influence of America must be felt by everyone who has any ‘nose’ at all," so wrote Dvořák of his sixth quartet, the "American." This scale gives the whole quartet its open, simple character, a character that is frequently identified with American folk music. One finds here a reflection of Harbison’s early fascination with Baroque repertory, with each movement suggesting a form or approach popular among composers of that era. "[18] Listeners have tried to identify specific American motifs in the quartet. He loved music, he loved his family, and he loved pigeons. WORLD PREMIERE: May 4, 1895.Contralto Mary Louise Clary, tenor Ben … Dvořák: Quartet No. The American Quartet is American really only in name and has few (if any) discernible American influences, yet it is one of Dvořák… Antonín Dvořák: Finale from Quartet No. Škampa Quartet. Vivace ma non troppo In 1892, the American philanthropist Jeanette Thurber persuaded Czech composer Antonin Dvořák … Box Office: Grove Street, between Van Ness and Franklin, Chamber Music: Dvořák String Quartet and More, Fauré: Trio in D minor for Violin, Cello, and Piano, Opus 120 12 in F major, “American” Though he was Czech, Antonín Dvořák can be credited among the first composers to attempt a truly American style of classical composition. This difference of opinion really matters little in light of the “American” Quartet’s enormous popularity and universal appeal. It is written using the same pentatonic scale as the first movement, but in the minor (D minor) rather than the major. He has also taught at CalArts, Boston University, Duke University, and Ithaca College School of Music. He has produced numerous works for chamber ensembles, including three string quartets and pieces for less standard instrumental groupings. Antonin Dvořák (Born near Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) in 1841; died in Prague in 1904) String Quartet No. He was inspired by the African American and Native American music he heard there to write his famous “American” Quartet and “New World” Symphony. While it may seem that the Avalon String Quartet and the Amadè Chamber Camerata are jumping on the Florence Price bandwagon, it should be noted that Five Folk Songs in Counterpoint were on the Avalon programs for the 2017-2018 season well before Ms. Price was featured both in the Sunday New York Times and New Yorker Magazine in 2018. 12 in F Major Opus 96, the “American” during The program begins with Beethoven’s Quartet Op. The development ends with a fugato section that leads into the recapitulation. The opening movements already proclaim Dvořák’s lyric capacities, but the Romanza is a still more concentrated expanse of songful outpouring, again demanding a Slavic sensibility to underscore its rhythms. Lento 3. 6. I am content. Dvořák had come to Spillville through Josef Jan Kovařík who had finished violin studies at the Prague Conservatory and was about to return to Spillville, his home in the United States, when Dvořák offered him a position as secretary, which Josef Jan accepted, so he came to live with the Dvořák family in New York. When that message is opened in an HTML-capable e-mail program, the recipient's computer will access our e-mail provider's server to retrieve the pixel tag file, allowing us to record and store, along with your e-mail address, the date and time the recipient viewed the message, and other standard logging information. "[22], Some have heard suggestions of a locomotive in the last movement, recalling Dvořák's love of railroads. The problem remains with the doubled accent in measure 58. This opening theme is marked by his American-influenced style. 12 in F major, “American” Though he was Czech, Antonín Dvořák can be credited among the first composers to attempt a truly American … The song appears as a high, interrupting strain in the first violin part. Ku is manifested in several forms: as Ku-Ka-Ilimoku [or Kū-kāʻili-moku] he represents the god of war. High in the first violin there appears the song of a bird the composer believed to be a scarlet tanager; however, the song was likely not that of the tanager.[25]. If he is most widely recognized as an orchestral composer, Rouse has nonetheless composed in many genres. The String Quartet in F major, Op. [30], Antonín Dvořák's American String Quartet (Op. The simple melody, with the pulsing accompaniment in second violin and viola, does indeed recall spirituals or Indian ritual music. In 1988, he received the Kennedy Center Friedheim Award for his Symphony No. We like it very much here and, thank God, I am working hard and I’m healthy and in good spirits. However, the pentatonic scale is common in many ethnic musics worldwide, and Dvořák had composed pentatonic music, being familiar with such Slavonic folk music examples, before coming to America. Dvořák’s String Sextet had just received a warm reception, and in its wake the Florentine String Quartet, led by violinist Jean Becker, asked the composer to write a quartet for them, requesting particularly that it be in “slavic style.” Shortly after beginning this piece, Dvořák heard the first public performance of any of his quartets—his Quartet No. [3] Dvořák defended the apparent simplicity of the piece: "When I wrote this quartet in the Czech community of Spillville in 1893, I wanted to write something for once that was very melodious and straightforward, and dear Papa Haydn kept appearing before my eyes, and that is why it all turned out so simply. Died May 1, 1904, Prague. [3] Writing to a friend he described his state of mind, away from hectic New York: "I have been on vacation since 3 June here in the Czech village of Spillville and I won’t be returning to New York until the latter half of September. This piece is part of our collection of American pieces. [23], Dvořák quoted in the third movement, measures 21-24, a bird that he believed was a scarlet tanager, an American songbird. The cyclic aspects of Dvořák's composition are apparent, in that the principal theme of the first movement recurs during the conclusion of the work. Initially he felt that clarinet might serve as an alternate instrument to the violin, but he removed that option when he published this “little trio” (as he called it). He has also served as composer-in-residence for the Indianapolis Symphony, Baltimore Symphony, and Pittsburgh Symphony, as well as at the Santa Cecilia and Schleswig-Holstein Festivals (both of these at the invitation of Leonard Bernstein), the Tanglewood Festival, the Pacific Music Festival, and the Aspen Music Festival. Dvořák’s Opus 51 is indeed rich in the spirit of Czech nationalism; in fact, in German-speaking lands it often carries the nickname Slawisches-Quartett. 12 in F Major Opus 96, the “American” Allegro ma non troppo. Although he had written other chamber music during this period, a gap of twelve years separates the ‘American’ Quartet from his previous string quartet. Ying Quartet: February 12, 2018 Festival Artistic Directors David Ying and Phillip Ying bring their Quartet to Brunswick for a special concert this February in partnership with Bowdoin College.