[citation needed], The towpath of the canal, with a 5 1⁄2-mile (9 km) extension from Hawkesbury Junction to Coventry on the towpath of the Coventry Canal, forms the 82-mile (132 km) Oxford Canal Walk. Oxford Canal, a canal in Warwickshire, Northamptonshire, and Oxfordshire. The Oxford canal was built at the end of the 18th century to offer a route for coal and other goods at the time of the industrial revolution. They are aimed at increasing the enjoyment of those travelling the inland waterways of England and Wales. Book your tickets online for Oxford Canal, Oxford: See 346 reviews, articles, and 170 photos of Oxford Canal, ranked No.26 on Tripadvisor among 168 attractions in Oxford. The canal begins in Warwickshire near Hawkesbury Village at Hawkesbury Junction, also known as Sutton Stop, where it connects with the Coventry Canal, a little over 4 miles (or about 7 km) from the centre of Coventry and five miles (8 km) from Nuneaton. Some had been brought up on boats, some had mothers fathers and remembered grandparents working on the boats, others live on narrow boats now or provide services on the canal. Pete Ledwith . ABOUT JERICHO - HISTORY. Artists wishing to contribute should use the contact form on this website. SKU: 1836 Categories: Books, Local and Social History. The Duke leased the canal to the Oxford Canal Company. They follow the gentle contours of the Oxford Canal through the Cherwell Valley, where they meet author Philip Pullman and are joined by their son Samuel West. Peace, quiet and the slow passage of barges from yesteryear. The intention was to link the industrial English Midlands to London via the River Thames. Research Projects. The Oxford Historian: Michaelmas Term 2016; Donate Now; Fundraising Priorities; Equality & Welfare. Designed by J.Gibbs of Oxford. History and art exhibitions, coffee bar. The canal is not only a fascinating legacy of the "Canal Age" of the 18th and 19th centuries, but remains a peaceful green corridor stretching right into the heart of Oxford. The locks on the canal are as follows.[3]. The section south of Napton was never straightened. The story of Banbury – Cakes, canal, plush, agricultural machinery. Brindley died in 1772 but Simcock took over and completed the canal. The junction between the canals was the source of great controversy. The Oxford Canal was authorised in that year, and was built as a contour canal by James Brindley, which made it rather inefficient for the transport of goods. Historic maps of the Oxford Canal area. Guide to Oxfordshire History Centre archive catalogues The following pages list the major bodies, businesses, individuals and organisations for which Oxfordshire History Centre holds catalogued collections. After Napton Top Lock there is a 10 1⁄2-mile (16.9 km) pound to Claydon Top Lock, from where the canal falls towards Oxford. The Oxford Canal was a river excavated by hand for transportation, but the canal was abandoned because of the invention of the train before it was completed. Start point: Oxford Castle, OX1 1AY. From Napton Junction the Oxford canal rises again though the Napton Locks. The Oxford canal was constructed through the parish in 1788, using for much of its course the bed of the Rowel and Kingsbridge brooks. Red brick retaining walls on either bank of canal. The Oxford Canal starts by the River Thames in Oxford and runs for 77 miles, mainly through quiet rolling countryside, to near Coventry where it connects with the midlands canal system. The Oxford Canal from Napton to Coventry Researched and written by Jeannette Briggs The Oxford Canal North is the extension of its Southern counterpart from Napton Junction to its ultimate destination in Birmingham, via Hawksbury Junction and the Coventry Canal.. This page describes the history of the Wendover Canal, and the reservoir and pumps that were built around it. The Oxford Canal was constructed in several stages over a period of more than twenty years. Find out more about this walk. Even the familiar pound lock still used in Britain today is said to have been invented by Chhiao Wei-Yo, in the year 983. This historic panorama shows the Oxford canal, which reached this north… History and recent developments of the canal. The published history and the alignment at Dukes Cut Lock don''t really work for Dukes Cut and Wolvercote Lock to be an earlier canal that was incorporated in the Oxford, but Dukes Cut, Isis and Wolvercote Locks have in common a small rise and fall, single gates and single ground paddles at each end (allthough the single ground paddle at the canal end of Dukes Cut Lock has been removed). 103. The Oxford Canal remained independent until it was nationalised in 1948 and became part of the Docks and Inland Waterways Executive, later the British Waterways Board. This section is normally referred to as a "tunnel straight" or the Fenny Compton Tunnel. Chenango Canal- The Chenango Canal, built in 1837, went from Binghamton to Utica, NY including lock sites. The photo right shows Tringford pumping station and stop-lock in 1910. In 1833 a section of the new line of canal in Barby Fields near Dunchurch was used as a test site for a new wrought iron boat, Swallow, built by Graham and Houston. Listing NGR: SP4999809031 Welsh slate hipped roof with lead rolls to the hips and brick dentil eaves course. Other early British canals include a section of the River Welland in Lincolnshire, built in 1670; the Stroudwater Navigation, Gloucestershire, completed in 1779; and the Sankey Canal in Lancashire, which opened in stages between 1757 – 1773. As with most of Britain's narrow canal system, the Oxford Canal suffered from a rapid decline in freight traffic after the Second World War. The route between the farms of Priors Hardwick and Fenny Compton was never straightened, and is the most circuitous in the region: taking 5 1⁄2 miles (9 km) to cover 2.2 miles (3.5 km) (geodesically, as the crow flies). The 10-mile (16 km) stretch from Oxford to Kirtlington, where the Oxfordshire Way meets the canal, is also part of European walking route E2. History & Heritage ; Oxford Canal around Brinklow, pre-1830s route map Facebook; Sign in to follow this . The History Of Oxford Canal Construction of the canal began in 1769 and the canal was built in several stages taking more than twenty years to complete due to financial constraints. The Oxford Canal traverses Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire and east Warwickshire through broad, shallow valleys and lightly rolling hills; resembling the bulk of the Grand Union Canal and its branches, much of the landscape is similar to the those of the Llangollen and Lancaster canals. There’s a great footpath (tow path) along the canal and easy access to the many little bridges spanning the canal. Edition: 2002. 3 in stock. OpenStreetMap is a map of the world, created by people like you and free to use under an open license. He is also an authority on the history of the canal in Oxford, having published two books on the subject and several more on related topics (www.oxfordwaterwalks.co.uk). The 77 miles of the Oxford Canal were built between 1769 and 1790 to carry coal from Warwickshire to London. The published history and the alignment at Dukes Cut Lock don''t really work for Dukes Cut and Wolvercote Lock to be an earlier canal that was incorporated in the Oxford, but Dukes Cut, Isis and Wolvercote Locks have in common a small rise and fall, single gates and single ground paddles at each end (allthough the single ground paddle at the canal end of Dukes Cut Lock has been removed). Prev; 1; 2; Next; Page 1 of 2 . At one time it was the main transport route from the midlands to the south of England and it is now one of the most beautiful and popular cruising canals. It was opened in 1790. Oxford Canal around Brinklow, pre-1830s route map. Click here to follow the audio trail. For 15 years the canal was very profitable as it provided the main route between Birmingham and London The Grand Junction Canal (now called the Grand Union Canal) was opened in 1805 and provided a faster route that avoided the River Thames. The mural is a fictional scene representing the history of the canal corridor, with references to traditional and modern uses of the canal and the surrounding area. Hawkesbury Junction viewed from the Coventry Canal looking towards the Oxford Canal . Add to basket. Two villages nearby, Kings Sutton and Adderbury (Twyford), are within 30 minutes' walking distance along the road. St Mary’s Church. Distance: five miles. For 15 years the canal was very profitable as it provided the main route between Birmingham and London. Culture canals canals Britain's canals (= man-made channels of water for boats to travel along) were built in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, at the start of the Industrial Revolution.They provided a cheap and convenient means of transport for heavy goods, especially between the mining and industrial centres of the Midlands and north-west England. The Oxford Canal Heritage Trail is a great way of exploring a less well known aspect of this famous city and it's a great way for local people and visitors to find out about places of interest located along the Oxford Canal towpath. The project manager and volunteer oral historians interviewed the 28 people whose oral histories make up the Oxford Canal Heritage Oral History collection. The Oxford History Graduate Network; Frequently Asked Questions; Research. Although the two bridges on the Waterways estate were constructed in 2000 and 2002 the area has a rich history. The Oxford Canal was constructed in several stages over a period of more than twenty years. Canal narrowboats pulled by horse… The staple traffic was coal from the Warwickshire and Leicestershire coalfields to London via the Grand Union Canal. There may have been a village already existing there or Alfred may have created a new town. Oxford was founded in the 9th century when Alfred the Great created a network of fortified towns called burhs across his kingdom. Home / Subject / Local and Social History / Oxford Canal, The Boat People of. The Barge Inn at Honeystreet, Pewsey Wilts was used in many scenes and pictures from the filming are on their website. The solution to the congestion was to duplicate or twin the existing locks at Hillmorton, creating three pairs of two parallel narrow locks, which allowed twice the traffic to pass the lock at any time. The Cumberland and Oxford Canal was opened in 1832 to connect the largest lakes of southern Maine with the seaport of Portland, Maine.The canal followed the Presumpscot River from Sebago Lake through the towns of Standish, Windham, Gorham, and Westbrook.The Canal diverged from the river at Westbrook to reach the navigable Fore River estuary and Portland Harbor. However, the southern section from Napton to Oxford became something of a backwater, and carried mostly local traffic. Baker had previously been employed at Enslow on the Oxford Canal, and it is he after whom Baker's Lock (number 40) on the Oxford Canal was named. For the next 15 years the Oxford Canal became one of the most important and profitable transport links in Britain, with most commercial traffic between London and the Midlands using the route. The canal was completed in 1790 as a way of linking Oxford with the West Midlands (it reaches just north of Coventry). History of our Canal. There may have been a village already existing there or Alfred may have created a new town. The Oxford canal was one of the earliest to be constructed in England. Figures of Victoria and George V added in 1914. Canal and River Trust: History; Date completed: 1803: Engine house at the junction, on the Coventry Canal. The latter canal has a major wharf, Braunston Marina, 770 yards (700 m) east and a campsite. The history mural on the tow path side of the Elizabeth Jennings Way bridge was painted by artist Dan Wilson. By the mid-1950s very few narrowboats traded south of Napton and the southern section was at one point being threatened with closure, although the northern section (Napton to Coventry) remained well-used by commercial traffic until the 1960s. Followers 0. Now it has become a tourist attraction. The Oxford Canal Basin, 1930-40 by Oxford University Images. The Oxford Canal took 20 years to build and finally opened on the 1st January 1790. In 1937 Baron Nuffield (Later Viscount Nuffield) bought the canal basin at Oxford for £133,373[7] (equivalent to £8,669,500 in 2019). Find the perfect south oxford canal stock photo. The goods wharf and the remainder of the coal wharf are now under a public car park that Nuffield College lets to Oxford City Council. Our Oxford Canal cruise continues to historic Banbury, through typically British rural countryside. This was a false economy and its adverse effects continue to be felt to this day. Rivers run performed by Jericho singers featuring the Oxford Canal at Jericho, created during  lockdown summer of 2020. At its southern extremity it forms a waterway circuit within Oxford known as the Four Rivers. Steam trains came to Oxford in 1844 reducing the economy of the canal as a business. The historical office and loading scenes were filmed at The Black Country Museum in Dudley. However, with one eye on the developing railway network, in 1827 Mr. Brunel[Which Brunel? Cruising the Oxford Canal (with one eye on its history) Paperback – June 26, 2017 by Mr John Todd (Author) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The stretch of the canal from Banbury to Oxford was built as cheaply as possible. Designed by James Brindley. [12], The Oxford Canal viewed from Napton-on-the-Hill, National Waterways Museum, Ellesmere Port, "Coventry Herald. The work to double the locks was completed in August 1840. Ease of construction was crucial to avoid unnecessary locks, embankments and so on, so by 1774 it followed the contours via Rugby and Hillmorton, to Braunston. The canal had about 30 miles of natural water and 20 miles of man made sections. The Oxford Historian. It is therefore one of the oldest working on the Inland Waterways. Construction began shortly after near Coventry. East of Rugby, the canal passes southwest then south. The final section into central… The canal was fitted with the first pond locks in Britain, with the now familiar lifting vertical gates. Our Lottery funded Oxford Canal Heritage Project has focused on the last three miles of the 77-mile Oxford Canal from Duke's Cut to Hythe Bridge Street near the city centre where it terminates. End point: Sandford Lock, OX4 4YD. Mark Davies delves into our canalside history. Oxford Canal, a canal in Warwickshire, Northamptonshire, and Oxfordshire. It has frequent wharves and public houses, particularly if including the parts of the Grand Union Canal immediately adjoining. Today the canal is frequently used for weekend and holiday narrowboat pleasure boating. The straightening challenged[clarification needed] the capacity of three locks at Hillmorton, the first on the canal after the stop lock at Hawkesbury Junction. Banbury has many visitor moorings alongside the historic and modern shopping areas in the middle of town. One narrowboat carrying coal on the Oxford Canal was drawn by a mule until 1959 and was the last horse-drawn freight narrowboat in Great Britain. The canal then descends the Claydon flight of locks and into the vale of the nascent Cherwell at Cropredy. Home / About Us / History of our Canal. This contour canal was one of the earliest canals to be built, with the purpose of transporting coal from the Coventry coalfields to Banbury, Oxford and the River Thames. View and buy high quality rights managed images from inside the world famous university - University of Oxford, its … It scales a flight of three locks at Hillmorton about three miles (5 km) east-southeast of the town. The streets of Oxford were in a regular pattern suggesting a new town but we are not certain. No need to register, buy now! [8] In 1951 he filled it in and built Nuffield College on part of the former coal wharf. Find out more >. Canal length : 76.3 miles: Locks : 41: Boat Length : 70ft: Height : 6ft 9ins: Width : 7ft ins: The Oxford Canal took 20 years to build and finally opened on the 1st January 1790. The Oxford Canal Heritage Concert hosted a sold-out concert at the Old Fire station with performers from land and water. It then continued via a bridge under Worcester Street to end in a coal wharf beside New Road. It operated from 1830 to 1870 and was used to transport timbers from the interior of the state to Portland. Follow this link to listen to folk music from the canal. Tests showed that the locks could be operated in as little as 1 minute 20 seconds. This work between 1830 and 1834 reduced the distance by 14 3⁄4 miles (23.7 km). See the photos here. Financial problems meant that work on the final stretch to Oxford did not begin until 1786. The Grand Junction and Oxford canal companies were bitter rivals. About four miles (6 km) south is a lightly-settled locality, Twyford Wharf, where narrow boats up to 60 feet (18 m) can be turned. William … In 1768 the Oxford Canal was formed to link the Coventry Canal at Longford, via Banbury to Oxford, then to London via the Thames. Counterweighted wooden drawbridge. Drawn by two horses, the boat completed a distance of 1.5 mile in 7 minutes 35 seconds, a speed of almost 12 miles per hour.[6]. One of these was at Oxford. Many Oxford Canal boatmen and women favoured horse traction long after those on other canals had changed their narrowboats to diesel power. He regularly leads guided walks along the towpath, and contributed the original text for the Oxford Canal Heritage Trail, fully opened in 2015. Canal Details. The Oxford Canal exploited this by charging high tolls for Grand Junction traffic on this short section. By Joe the plumber, January 7, 2016 in History & Heritage. Working with local communities, voluntary organisations and schools, the project has created information and resources about the canal's rich cultural and industrial history spanning over 200 years. Deep locks were used wherever possible, with single gates at both ends instead of double gates. The Oxford Canal Heritage art competition ‘Inspired by the Canal’ attracted over 70 entries Paintings, sketches, textiles, collages, pottery, photographs and models were submitted by children and adults aged from 4 to 79 years old! However the pumping station was considerably reduced in height a few years after this, when the steam beam engines within it were scrapped. Oxford Canal, The Boat People of quantity. It was completed in 1790 but soon experienced competition from the Grand Junction Canal (Grand Union Canal), which offered a shorter route to London. [10], The canal is now thriving. Completed in 1790, it connects to the River Thames at Oxford and is integrated with the Grand Union Canal—combined for 5 miles (8 km) close to the villages of Braunston and Napton-on-the-Hill, a canal which soon after construction superseded much of its traffic. Really brings perspective to modern life! No need to register, buy now! Jericho embraces the canal The old ferry that ran from the bottom of what is now Combe Road. A stretch of the River Cherwell at Shipton-on-Cherwell was incorporated into the canal. The Oxford Historian. This contour canal was one of the earliest canals to be built, with the purpose of transporting coal from the Coventry coalfields to Banbury, Oxford and the River Thames.It was completed in 1790 but soon experienced competition from the Grand Junction Canal (Grand Union Canal… The Oxford Canal is a much loved and yet for many an undiscovered waterway which runs almost unnoticed into the city. - CF1M79 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. In 1775, a second Act was passed allowing the company to raise more funds. North of about a third of its distance[clarification needed], namely from Napton, the canal's route northeast and then northwest forms part of the Warwickshire ring. Wherever possible, wooden lift or swing bridges were built instead of expensive brick ones. It passes through the 270-yard (250 m) Newbold Tunnel. The Oxford Canal reached the outskirts of Oxford in 1789, when a coal wharf was opened at Heyfield Hutt, now the site of Hayfield Road. Construction was supervised by the famous engineer James Brindley and was assisted by Samuel Samcock who went on to complete the canal after James death. Banbury Cross, Horsefair. At Thrupp, where the canal leaves the Cherwell, a canal basin was formed and a wharf built. History of Transportation-Rail Road and the Chenango Canal. along the Oxford Canal, List of civil parishes in Northamptonshire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oxford_Canal&oldid=998624131, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Duke's Lock (to/from the Thames via Duke's Cut), Isis Lock (to/from the Thames via Sheepwash Channel), The Oxford Canal runs southwest and then turns south towards, The Grand Union Canal runs north passing opposing marinas within a mile then northwest to, three miles (5 km) north of the city where, a few hundred yards (metres) from the heart of the city centre by, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 07:36. History. SAXON OXFORD. The Oxford Canal starts by the River Thames in Oxford and runs for 77 miles, mainly through quiet rolling countryside, to near Coventry where it connects with the midlands canal system. The History of Tooley’s Boatyard starts from the time the Oxford Canal was finally completed to Banbury. The canal came to where the entrance to the Marina is now, turned sharp right and continued to Napton. SP4646 OXFORD CANAL 1720-0/14/10000 Wharf House II Canal toll house and inn. The Museum of History of Science. A public house, The Barge, was established at the wharf in 1804 by the first wharfinger, Henry Baker. Research Projects. Featured Posts. The Oxford Canal remained profitable until the mid-1950s, paying a dividend right up until nationalisation. The construction of the Oxford Canal reached the site of the Waterways estate in 1789, when a coal wharf was opened at Heyfield Hutt, now the site of Hayfield Road. Murder and a Royal Secret on the Oxford Canal - UK Narrowboat History by Foxes Afloat. Its principal traffic was coal from Warwickshire. Not only was the capacity doubled, but the time taken was decreased as the locks were narrower. History of the Oxford Canal The Oxford Canal is among the earliest of cuts in the canal age. Traffic from Birmingham had to use five miles (8 km) of the Oxford Canal to get from Braunston to join the Grand Junction at Napton. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. More about Jeircho Singers at http://www.jerichosingers.comThe Oxford Canal is a much loved and yet for many an undiscovered waterway which runs almost unnoticed into the city. ][5] re-surveyed the northern section of the canal between Braunston and Hawkesbury Junction to straighten it out and reduce navigation time. Work commenced in 1770 and the ninety-one mile route was finally opened from Coventry to Oxford on 1st January 1790. Everything Old Maps Books Memories Nearby Places; How to Buy Oxford Canal, 1886 Ordnance Survey, County Edition Scale: 1:1:10560 More Info/Buy Oxford Canal, 1899 Ordnance Survey, Revised New Edition Scale: 1:50,000 More Info/Buy Oxford Canal, 1901-1902 Ordnance Survey, Revised New Colour Edition Scale: 1:50,000 More Info/Buy Oxford Canal, 1920 … This reduced construction costs, but the behaviour of the river makes the canal more difficult to use. Enjoyed by walkers, cyclists, anglers, and visitors, the canal is home to a large boating community, and it remains one of Oxford’s best kept secrets. Construction was supervised by the famous engineer James Brindley and was assisted by Samuel Samcock who went on to complete the canal after James death. After passing an old wharf and a pub at Fenny Compton, the canal enters a long cutting which until some time in the 19th century was a tunnel. Completed Research Projects; Research Seminars; Research Centres; Recent Publications; Alumni. This is the third book in the series, each one written with "one eye on the history". Parts of this section were straightened by raising and waterproofing in the 1820s; the remains of a more circuitous route (which kept to the chosen contour) can still be seen in places. The cross dates from 1859 when it was erected to commemorate the marriage of Victoria to the Crown Prince of Prussia. The canal is not only a fascinating legacy of the "Canal Age" of the 18th and 19th centuries, but remains a peaceful green corridor stretching right into the heart of Oxford. The Museum of History of Science is the first ever public museum in the world, opening in 1683! There are some aquatic plants on the river, some water birds are cruising in the river, and there are winding walking trails along the river, and the scenery is very good. The final section into central Oxford was ceremonially opened on 1 January 1790.[4]. [clarification needed]. The combined canal splits north of Napton-on-the-Hill: After winding round Napton Hill, the canal ascends the Napton flight of nine locks to a local summit reach, well below the hilltop. OXFORD CANAL 1. 20:25. By 1774 the canal had reached Napton, but the company was already running out of money. Download this stock image: Houseboats on the Oxford Canal by Jericho, a historic suburb of Oxford outside the original city walls 3. A brief history of the Oxford Canal. Surveying of the route and initial construction were originally supervised by the celebrated engineer James Brindley, assisted by Samuel Simcock who was also Brindley's brother-in-law. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Construction soon started again and by 1778 the canal had reached Banbury. The canals had 28 locks, as well. Uncover Oxford. Built circa 1790. It was authorised in 1769, so the Oxford Canal Navigation Co was formed , and to be overseen by James Brindley.. Brindley was already building the Trent and Mersey Canal and had built the Bridgewater Canal, and now the Oxford Canal and the Coventry Canal were being asked of him. It was initially designed by James Brindley, succeeded by Samuel Simcock and Robert Whitworth after Brindley's untimely death in 1772 at the age of 56. It also carried stone, agricultural products and other goods. A collection of 28 memories from people who have lived and worked on the canal in past times, of present day boaters who live and work from residential canal boats and from others with particular interests and connections to the Oxford Canal. However, the short section between Braunston and Napton became the link between the Warwick and Napton Canal and the Grand Junction Canal, making it part of the busy direct route between Birmingham and London. Brindley died in 1772, and the line from Coventry to Banbury was completed by Samuel Simcock in 1778. The Oxford History Graduate Network; Frequently Asked Questions; Research. The canal rises from Hawkesbury Junction to Hilmorton Top Lock, there is then a 6 1⁄2-mile (10.5 km) pound to Braunston Junction, where it joins the Grand Union canal. Description Additional information Description. In 1951 the basin and wharves were filled in and Nuffield College has taken part of the site. One of these was at Oxford. Down in the basement you can find the chalkboard that Albert Einstein wrote on at Oxford University in 1950, which has his famous e=mc2 equation on. Circa 1778, altered in circa late C19. The canal came to where the entrance to the Marina is now, turned sharp right and continued to Napton. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}52°27′N 1°28′W / 52.450°N 1.467°W / 52.450; -1.467, The Oxford Canal is a 78-mile (126 km) narrow canal in central England linking Oxford with Bedworth (between Coventry and Nuneaton on the Coventry Canal) via Banbury and Rugby. Additional information. The building of the canal The building of the Oxford Canal Navigation, as it was then known, was approved by Act of Parliament in 1769. Tim and Pru follow in the footsteps of author Tom Rolt, whose vivid account of his journey down this canal in 1939 ignited a campaign that went on to save Britain's canals from extinction. Both offer several pubs. Much of the London-bound traffic switched to this faster route, as it avoided the passage of the River Thames which still had many flash locks. @oxfordcanalfestival             @CanalOxford. These lists are not exhaustive and do not cover every collection listed in our catalogues. This reach is the "eleven-mile pound" mentioned in Tom Rolt's Narrow Boat. I wonder how many visitors to Oxford actually experience this lovely place ... or do they immediately rush to the city centre to enjoy all the stunning historical architecture? In the summer it is one of the most crowded canals on the network. The Cumberland and Oxford Canal was a navigable waterway that extended from Harrison, Maine, on Long Lake, to Portland, Maine in the harbor. 104. In the churchyard in Newbold-on-Avon remains can be seen of an earlier canal tunnel built in the 1770s. Long after those on other canals had changed their narrowboats to diesel power deep locks were used possible... 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