Even after passing through water treatment plants, small quantities of chemical compounds from cleaning products can find their way into rivers, ponds and lakes and have adverse effects on aquatic life. That’s because, as effective as they are, when you use these cleaners, you aren’t actually killing every single living organism. Other everyday cleaning products that raised concerns were carpet and upholstery shampoo which contains highly toxic substances, such as perchlorethylene and ammonium hydroxide. 6771 South Silver Hill Drive, Finland MN 55603, This material, provided for educational and informational purposes, constitutes a "fair use" of any copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. (2016). Many cleaning supplies or household products can irritate the eyes or throat, or cause headaches and other health problems, including cancer. 3. The Relationship between Environmental Exposures to Phthalates and DNA Damage in Human Sperm Using the Neutral Comet Assay. Turn to nature instead, starting with a basic liquid Castile soap that, when mixed with plain water, works effectively as a hand soap, shampoo, and dishwashing liquid. PHTHALATES AND HUMAN HEALTH. Some of the most common cleaning products used in homes could have negative consequences on your health. In fact, some of the world cleaners items are among the most toxic products found in the home. (2017). Triclosan Exposure Is Associated with Rapid Restructuring of the Microbiome in Adult Zebrafish. This includes even small amounts of latex paint rinsed off of rollers and brushes. (2005). The trouble with this strategy is that these chemicals aren’t selective—they kill probiotic organisms along with the types of bacteria we don’t want around. This website contains general information about diet, health, and nutrition. If you look at the list of ingredients in your favorite cleaning products, you’ll most likely find a list of words you can hardly pronounce and you probably won’t have any idea what these ingredients actually are. Lifestyle, Subscribe to our newsletter for our latest promotions. Acutely Dangerous Products… McMurry, L. M., Oethinger, M., & Levy, S. B. In the following pages, Greer, Sutton and other experts weigh in on the worst toxic offenders commonly found in household cleaning products, and offer ways to swap them for healthier, safer options. 1. Exogenous Dermatology, 3(1), 19-25. doi:10.1159/000084139, 9. Svanes, Ø., Bertelsen, R. J., Lygre, S. H., Carsin, A. E., Antó, J. M., Forsberg, B., … Svanes, C. (2018). The most acutely dangerous cleaning products are corrosive drain cleaners, oven cleaners, and acidic toilet bowl cleaners, according to Philip Dickey of the Washington Toxics Coalition. In a balanced environment (internal or out in the world), friendly flora crowd out the bulk of microbial troublemakers, and the percentage of resistant undesirable microbes is too minute to do much harm. The contents of this website are not medical advice and are intended for general knowledge and informational purposes only. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. There can also be longer-term health effects from chemicals. Cleaning … The two most important reasons to do that, is that these products are very harmful for cleaners, and they can affect their health for short or long term. Chemical, after chemical, after chemical -- our cleaning products are a tricky business. 4. Zebrafish fed a diet infused with Triclosan experienced a dramatic alteration of their microbiomes after only four days. This may be because fewer men than women work as professional cleaners, and those who do may be exposed to different levels of chemicals than women who clean for a living. Potential Dangers of Common Cleaning Products. It ís in our drinking water, swimming pools, Jacuzzis, and more. • Ammonia: Found in glass and bathroom cleaners, ammonia can be very irritating to the eyes, skin, throat, and lungs. Some of the most popular laundry detergent brands use ingredients known to have harmful effects … Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov, 13. Steinemann, A. Kolatorova, L., Vitku J., Hampl R., Adamcova K., Skodova T., Simkova M., Parizek A., Starka L., Duskova M. (2018). They are actually used indoors to make our house or apartment clean and safe for human habitation. (2001). Health Effects. Environmental Health Perspectives. Carpet fresheners —Carpet cleaning powders, like cleaning … When shopping for a Castile soap, look for an authentic product made using the old-world method (such as Country Rose Soap Company) that contains nothing but pure, saponified olive oil. 1. This Healthy Living section of the Hyperbiotics website is purely for informational purposes only and any comments, statements, and articles have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to create an association between the Hyperbiotics products and possible claims made by research presented or to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease. (2017, November 6). (n.d.). A. Purohit, A. et al. (1994). Health Effects. Plus, transportation leads to carb… "While some [cleaning products] cause skin … Using these products may sound like a good plan at first glance—after all, don’t we want to get rid of germs that could make us unwell? Ammonia is a chemical, which is widely used in the manufacture of household and industrial cleaners. Exposure to strong cleaning products was associated with increased decline in both these major areas of lung function: • FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second): This is the amount of air a person can forcibly breath out in a single second. Before you breathe in deep to savor your hard work, however, you should know that some of these products may actually be harmful to your health. People with asthma, elderly with lung problems or breathing problems, are some … As their neighbors die off, these “superbugs” that are especially difficult to kill have room to reproduce—and when their numbers grow large enough to impact your health, existing medications may prove completely ineffective.6. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 7(7), 512-515. doi:10.3201/eid0707.017705, 7. Argumentative Essay On Cleaning Products. There are thousands of chemicals in common use and many have not been tested for safety, though the effects of many are known. The effect of cleaning products on the environment is wide ranging. The #1 cause of household poisoning is dish detergent. For human cleaning chemicals are poisonous if it enters the body, and can be harmful by inhalation or touch. Triclosan targets lipid synthesis. Fragranced consumer products: effects on asthmatics. Air Pollution – Volatile organic compounds (VOC) in cleaning products can affect indoor air quality and add to outdoor smog. 17. A. et al. Many cleaning products take away dirt and grime, but leave behind harmful chemicals. Notable Chemicals . To protect yourself, your family, and our precious planet, here are a few of the most commonly used harmful ingredients to avoid: • 2-Butoxyethanol: A common ingredient in kitchen, window, and multipurpose cleaners that can interfere with the health of your red blood cells. Living in a clean house may be good for your health, but actually … Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(9), 1164-1169. doi:10.1289/ehp.5756. Side effects of inhaling cleaning chemicals. There are thousands of chemicals in common use and many have not been tested for safety, … Some of these ingredients, such as parabens, ammonia, chlorine bleach, QUATS, Triclosan, and triclocarban, are absorbed through the skin in varying degrees—and once inside your body, they may upset your delicate microbial balance. Lemon, cooking oil, vinegar and baking soda are just a few multipurpose cleaning … A surprising new study on the long-term health effects of cleaning products found that inhaling sprays and other chemical cleaners at home or work may be as damaging to lungs as … The chemicals found in cleaning products, such as VOCs and ammonia, may induce some physical symptoms. Antibacterial products have never been so popular. Even though toxic chemicals are still widely used, removing them from your home will drastically reduce your personal exposure, as well as your family’s—and it also makes a very real dent in the toxic load our planet bears. 2. Quaternary ammonium compounds and occupational asthma. Check labels on your cleaning supplies for the following chemicals, and be aware of the dangers they can cause. This is especially true when it comes to our views on cleanliness. If we are exposed to it via inhalation, we can get coughing. Posted in Inhaling these gases, which are frequently used in products including household cleaners, disinfectants, and air fresheners, can cause eye, liver, nervous system, respiratory tract, and skin troubles—as well as GI discomfort and challenges with equilibrium. (2001). Ingesting household cleaning products is more harmful than ingesting cosmetics. None of the information is advice or should be construed as making a connection to any purported medical benefits and Hyperbiotics products, and should not be considered or treated as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. Scientists continue to expose the dangers that bleach poses. Automatic dishwashing detergent: These products typically contain complex phosphates (banned in laundry detergent), which pollute waterways by fostering oxygen-depleting algae blooms, and chlorine… Syed, A. K., Ghosh, S., Love, N. G., & Boles, B. R. (2014). Bertelsen, R. J., Longnecker, M. P., Lovik, M., Carlsen, K., London, S., & Carlsen, K. C. (2012). Inhaling these gases, which are frequently used in products including household cleaners, disinfectants, and air fresheners, can cause eye, liver, nervous system, respiratory tract, and skin troubles—as well as GI discomfort and challenges with equilibrium.21. Personal Care Products. Concoctions of certain cleaners can unleash hazardous reactions like the mixture of ammonia and bleach. Triclosan Exposure And Allergic Sensitization In Norwegian Children. If the DIY approach feels overwhelming, you can still find prepared household products such as Aunt Fannie’s that use only GRAS certified natural ingredients that work in harmony with the microbial environment to clean your home safely, without over-sanitizing. Found in many cleaning products of all kinds In waterways, VOCs cause excess growth of algae, which results in the spread of bacteria, loss of daylight vital to aquatic ecosystems, as well as a depletion of … Exposure to bisphenols and parabens during pregnancy and relations to steroid changes. Ammonia is one of the harmful cleaning chemicals, typically used in glass cleaner or in hard-surface cleaners. Triclosan alongside with triclocarbon is typically found in dishwashing detergents, hand … Federal law requires ingredients must be disclosed on food, cosmetics, and drug labels, but not cleaning products. Antibacterial Household Products: Cause for Concern. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) … When these occur, they are usually the result of exposure to certain chemicals over a long period of time. Gut-Healthy Eating: What Do All the Best Vegan, Vegetarian, Keto, and Paleo Diets Have in Common. 20. Are cleaning products and ingredients harmful to health? This way of thinking fueled the creation of all the powerful antimicrobial cleaning products lining the shelves almost everywhere we shop. Scientists in Norway recently released a groundbreaking 20-year study of more than 6,000 participants that revealed a clear link between toxic cleaning product use and the risk of developing lung troubles. Kolatorova, L., Vitku J., Hampl R., Adamcova K., Skodova T., Simkova M., Parizek A., Starka L., Duskova M. (2018). Click here to learn more about the harmful effects of cleaning products on the environment. Though inhalation of the fumes can causes dizziness, swallowing antifreeze will cause severe damage to the heart, kidneys a… Ethylene glycol, the main hazardous ingredient of antifreeze, is extremely poisonous. • Sodium Hydroxide: A known mucous membrane irritant, this is used in many oven cleaners and drain openers. Natural wellness is a subject she’s passionate about, so she loves sharing information that helps others discover all the ways probiotics support glowing health and well-being. In order to eliminate the risk of harmful fumes, you will likely have to buy specialized, mild cleaning products or make your own DIY cleaning solutions. (1998). • Chlorine Bleach: A potent antimicrobial and respiratory irritant, bleach is a major ingredient in mildew removers, toilet bowl cleaners, and scouring powders. Svanes, Ø., Bertelsen, R. J., Lygre, S. H., Carsin, A. E., Antó, J. M., Forsberg, B., … Svanes, C. (2018). Volatile Organic Compounds' Impact on Indoor Air Quality | US EPA. doi:10.1164/ajrccm-conference.2012.185.1_meetingabstracts.a5663, 19. Clean Living, "Instead of spritzing, try opening the spray bottle and pouring the disinfectant on a sponge or cloth," says Jackson. Originally introduced in the late 1800s and gaining increasing respect in recent years, this theory presents evidence that we all need exposure to lots of different types of microbes in our environment in order to stimulate our developing immune systems as babies and children. They're damaging your skin. Many of the strong chemical ingredients in today’s cleaning products were put there specifically for their antimicrobial properties. Cleaning ingredients pose acute, immediate hazards on asthma or respiratory inflammation, and long-term effects like lung function decline. Cleaning products as bad for lungs as smoking 20 cigarettes a day, scientists warn. In terms of surface sprays, Rae explains … To support our work, please send a tax-deductible donation to: OCA, 6771 South Silver Hill Dr., Finland, MN 55603, Petition for Scientists, Lawyers, and Policy Experts, Send a tax-deductible donation to the OCA. 15. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. (2017). Top 10 Health Apps to Keep You Feeling Your Best, Reset Your Internal Clock for Optimum Wellness, An Interview With Integrative Holistic Physician, Dr. Geeta Arora. Quaternary ammonium compounds and occupational asthma. 11. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, 11(1), 3-9. doi:10.1007/s11869-017-0536-2, 10. Cleaning products as bad for lungs as smoking 20 cigarettes a day, scientists warn. Cleaning With Bleach Can Hurt Your Pets. Researchers say the chemicals in household cleaning products can damage your lungs as much as smoking cigarettes. Lack of mandatory ingredient disclosure leaves consumers in the dark when it comes to buying safe cleaning products. DISHWASHER DETERGENTS: Most products contain chlorine in a dry form that is highly concentrated. Hauser, R., & Calafat, A. Nature, 394(6693), 531-532. doi:10.1038/28970, 21. Also, cleaning products are very wasteful for the environment, because of the huge amount of sources that these products needed to be produced. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have an interest in using the included information for research and educational purposes. Chronic effects of cleaning product exposure: (Chronic effects are long-lasting conditions and diseases developed over a longer period of time. Accidents or incorrect use of household chemical products may cause immediate health effects, such as skin or eye irritation or burns, or poisoning. Fabric softeners and dryer sheets . Parabens and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Ligand Cross-Talk in Breast Cancer Cells. The vast majority of commercial cleaning solutions are likely to contain noxious chemicals, VOCs, and fragrances that are dangerous to breathe. Scientists advise that harmful sprays could be replaced with simple microfibre cloths and water Good news! Triclosan is a potent inhibitor of estradiol and estrone sulfonation in sheep placenta. Cleaning products, while safe and effective, must be handled appropriately to protect the health of consumers and their families. Environmental Research, 163, 115-122. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.031, 12. By law, manufacturers must make sure the products they sell are safe for people to use, provided they are used correctly and according to the instructions. A combined respiratory and cutaneous hypersensitivity syndrome induced by work exposure to quaternary amines. Researchers believe that the cause of this decline is likely due to cleaning chemicals irritating mucus membranes in the airways, which with repeated long-term exposure resulted in lasting negative changes to the airways themselves. "While disinfectants are intended to protect us from getting sick, they're … Despite what advertisements may be telling you, you don’t have to rely on toxic products to keep your home and body clean. J.A. In addition, hazardous waste products should not be disposed of in a septic system. 16. BIO-tract® and LiveBac® are registered trademarks of Nutraceutix. Retrieved from https://endo.confex.com/endo/2016endo/webprogram/Paper24976.html, 6. Corrosive chemicals can cause severe burns on eyes, skin and, if ingested, on the throat and esophagus. 73, no. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) reviewed 2,000 household cleaning products in 2012 and found that 53% of cleaning products contain ingredients harmful to the lungs AND 22% of cleaning products contain chemicals known to cause asthma in otherwise healthy people. The fragrances and other ingredients used to make them can cause … Eye injury: Eye injuries are commonly reported to poison centers, especially from accidents using cleaners in spray bottles containing corrosive ingredients such as chlorine bleach. In addition, many other household cleaning products contain harmful solvents and harsh chemicals that destroy the natural processes involved in wastewater treatment. 14. Bernstein, J. They're causing cancer. PLOS ONE, 11(5), e0154632. Roberta Pescow is a writer at Hyperbiotics and proud mom of two amazing and unique young men. Bertelsen, R. J., Longnecker, M. P., Lovik, M., Carlsen, K., London, S., & Carlsen, K. C. (2012). Potential health effects. In addition to specific negative changes in the gut that may be triggered by exposure to certain antimicrobials, it’s also important to consider the “hygiene hypothesis” and its implications for our overall health. Triclosan. There is a crucial harmony that comes when everything coexists just as nature intended. The fumes given off by these products can cause cancer and liver damage and have been known to cause dizziness, sleepiness, nausea, loss of appetite, and disorientation. Learn about the potential dangers of common cleaning products to help avoid exposure to harmful chemicals. Users should follow all safe handling instructions on a product’s label before using a particular cleaning product. Probiotics support many facets of overall health when taken regularly as part of a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle. Toxicology Letters, 91(3), 189-196. doi:10.1016/s0378-4274(97)00022-2, 8. Side effects of inhaling cleaning chemicals. Environment International, 36(8), 942-949. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2009.02.004, 20. Phthalates. In an effort to minimize the negative effects of some chemical cleaners, common household items can often be great substitutes, Real Simple Magazine suggests. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, August 2000, vol. A surprisingly wide range of common household cleaning chemicals can be sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). James, M. O., Li, W., Summerlot, D. P., Rowland-Faux, L., & Wood, C. E. (2010). Lee, C. H., Kim, H. W., Han, H. J., & Park, C. W. (2004). The Harmful Effects of Cleaning With Ammonia You Just Can’t Ignore. A Comparison Study of Nonanoic Acid and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate in Skin Irritation. I could specifically call out shampoo or body wash here, but really anything … Women who worked as professional cleaners suffered the most, incurring as much lung damage as would be expected in someone smoking 20 cigarettes every day.1. This ingredient can be very irritating to eyes, mouth, and skin.7,8 • Fragrance: Although the term “fragrance” sounds innocent enough, it can refer to any one of thousands of chemicals linked to skin, kidney, respiratory, and cellular issues.9 • Parabens: These antimicrobial, chemical preservatives are associated with negative effects in breasts, hormones, and reproductive areas.10,11 • Phthalates: Commonly found in a host of cleansing products including dish soaps, detergents, and shampoo, phthalates have been shown to negatively impact respiratory health and reproductive function, as well as cause DNA damage.12,13,14,15 • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QUATS): Found in antibacterial household cleaners, fabric softeners, and dryer sheets. (1998). The statements on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Duty, S. M., Singh, N. P., Silva, M. J., Barr, D. B., Brock, J. W., Ryan, L., … Hauser, R. (2002). Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1307670/, 14. Air Quality. Antifreeze. Triclosan Exposure Is Associated with Rapid Restructuring of the Microbiome in Adult Zebrafish. For many chemicals, there is a dose at which there are no toxic effects, there is a dose at which the effects are reversible, and there is a dose at which the effects may have permanent consequences. Although these cleaning products can be harmful to us, many of us will continue to buy and use them to ensure our residences remain clean. Credit: Sanja Gjenero Swallowing cosmetics is unlikely to cause any serious health effects either for children or elderly … Some may not break down at all but may persist in the environment. PHTHALATES AND HUMAN HEALTH. Biokleen Laundry Detergent - amazon.com 9.84 Shop Now. Parabens and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Ligand Cross-Talk in Breast Cancer Cells. Cleaning products remove germs, dirt, and impurities from surfaces by using soap (or detergent) and water. Lung-Safe Commercial Cleaning Products Antibacterial Household Products: Cause for Concern. (2000). But the scary truth is that breathing in these chemicals year after year might make it a lot more difficult to breathe at all. Understanding why using bleach to clean can be dangerous and should … Dangerous Ingredients in Cleaning Products. 16. As these products cannot be absorbed into the body, itchy skin or itchy, sore eyes are the most common symptoms of irritation from cleaning products. Many use these products without realizing the potentially harmful effects they can have on anyone exposed. 9. (n.d.). 1. Phosphates in laundry and dishwasher detergent have a fertilising effect, triggering the widespread growth of algae that saps away the water’s oxygen, reducing biodiversity. A. Purohit, A. et al. … • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): Don’t let the word “organic” fool you! Eastern cultures have long understood the importance of this balance and connectedness, but here in the west, our approach is historically a little more one-sided—generally focused on obliterating the bad to make way for the good. Exposure to bisphenols and parabens during pregnancy and relations to steroid changes. D33. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. These cleaning products can contain perchloroethylene (used in dry cleaning), naphthalene and ammonium hydroxide. For a sparkling clean home, you’ll also want to have other potent natural cleansers on hand, like lemon juice. Organic Consumers Association is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. Gaulke, C. A., Barton, C. L., Proffitt, S., Tanguay, R. L., & Sharpton, T. J. Triclosan targets lipid synthesis. The vast majority of commercial cleaning solutions are likely to contain noxious chemicals, VOCs, and fragrances that are dangerous to breathe. Kennedy, R., Fling, R., Robeson, M., Saxton, A., Bemis, D., Liu, J., … Zhao, L. (2016, April 1). 19. 2, Part 1, 257-59. Gaulke, C. A., Barton, C. L., Proffitt, S., Tanguay, R. L., & Sharpton, T. J. Cleaning at Home and at Work in Relation to Lung Function Decline and Airway Obstruction. Safety tips: Use these products in well-ventilated areas and try not to breathe the fumes. Steinemann, A. Pan, S., Yuan, C., Tagmount, A., Rudel, R. A., Ackerman, J. M., Yaswen, P., … Leitman, D. C. (2015). Even after passing through water treatment plants, small quantities of chemical compounds from cleaning products can find their way into rivers, ponds and lakes and have adverse effects on aquatic life. Unfortunately, the consequences of this type of microbial warfare go much further. J.A. McMurry, L. M., Oethinger, M., & Levy, S. B. ... Household cleaning products … Toxic Cleaning Products Can Be As Harmful As Smoking, According to a New Study Emily Laurence ・ February 21, 2018 Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on pinterest Share on email Generally, chronic effects have been studied in cleaning … Combined with other natural ingredients such as baking soda, sea salt, essential oils, or vinegar, you can also make your own very safe laundry detergent, bathroom cleaner, and even glass cleaner. Many cleaning products contain ingredients that could lead to side effects, says Debra ... women," and "use gloves" can provide clues that a formula contains potentially harmful ingredients. Since the root of physical and mental wellness lies in a balanced gut, it’s troubling enough that antimicrobial cleaning products can wreak havoc with microbial health. A. et al. But when antimicrobials come on the scene, resistant bacteria gain a real advantage. “The most acutely dangerous cleaning products are corrosive drain cleaners, oven cleaners, and acidic toilet bowl cleaners, according to Philip Dickey of the Washington Toxics Coalition. A combined respiratory and cutaneous hypersensitivity syndrome induced by work exposure to quaternary amines. Many cleaning products take away dirt and grime, but leave behind harmful chemicals. Cleaning product labels can be misleading, and many cleansers labeled “natural” or “gentle” are anything but. And when female rats were exposed to Triclosan during pregnancy and while nursing, both moms and pups developed gut dysbiosis.4,5. Besides avoiding mixing any cleaning products, you should also be cautious using any spray disinfectants that can be easily inhaled, especially in poorly ventilated areas. Duty, S. M., Singh, N. P., Silva, M. J., Barr, D. B., Brock, J. W., Ryan, L., … Hauser, R. (2002). Federal law requires ingredients must be disclosed on food, cosmetics, and drug labels, but not cleaning products. 5. Cleaning does not necessarily kill germs, but by removing them, it lowers their numbers and the risk of spreading infection. Phosphates in laundry and dishwasher detergent have a fertilising effect… Bleach, ammonia or quaternary ammonium compounds (a type of disinfectant), phthalates, and many volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in typical cleaning products have all been … In fact, some of the world cleaners items are among the most toxic products found in the home. Acutely Dangerous Products. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, August 1994, vol. Cleaning ingredients pose acute, immediate hazards on asthma or respiratory inflammation, and long-term effects like lung function decline. Cleaning ingredients vary in the level of health hazard, some cause acute, or immediate, hazards and even deadly threat. Mixing chlorine bleach with ammonia can create highly toxic chlorine gas, so consider using hydrogen peroxide as a safer bleach alternative. The only way to remove the need for a little bit of elbow grease is to increase the potency and quantity of harsh chemicals. Many cleaners are based on chemicals that are harmful to consume—both for humans and other animals and plants in the environment. Interestingly, no men in the study seemed to be affected. (2000). Cleaning too zealously with antimicrobials leaves young immune systems with nothing to practice on, which over time can create vulnerability to troublesome microbial invaders—as well as sensitivity to foods or plants when an inexperienced immune system can’t tell if it’s being exposed to a friend or foe. Triclosan is a potent inhibitor of estradiol and estrone sulfonation in sheep placenta. Bernstein, J. • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS): SLS is a detergent that creates the rich type of lather we’ve become accustomed to in cleansers, and is present in most shampoos and hand soaps. Additionally, the study found that products labeled as “green,” “natural” or “organic” can contain just as many harmful VOCs as standard cleaning products. Hauser, R., & Calafat, A. James, M. O., Li, W., Summerlot, D. P., Rowland-Faux, L., & Wood, C. E. (2010).

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