Rainbow School Paris offers bilingual education in English and French for children aged 3-10 years old. Although the traditional scale stops at 20/20, French baccalauréat results can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary "options". There are two grades of tenured enseignants-chercheurs in French universities, Maîtres de conférence (corresponding to lecturers and senior lecturers) and professors. There is also le bac professionnel, which comprises nearly 40 specialist or vocational areas. Il a 13 ans. La sixième (11 ans) = 6th grade (Year 7 UK). 2 Year 6 5th Grade; 11 6ème Year 7 6th Grade; 12 5ème Year 8 7th Grade; 13 4ème Year 9 8th Grade; 14 3ème Year 10 9th Grade; 15 2ème Year 11 10th Grade; 16 1ère Year 12 11th Grade; 17 Terminale Year 13 12th Grade ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766. Entry into the FI program will be determined through a digitally randomized lottery system. 13 => Eighth Grade. More. The US and UK count years in ascending order (2, 3, 4, and so on). Often, an average grade of 7-8 in Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE) can be considered as a satisfactory grade if the best grade in the class is only a 12. In later grades and college, a student is un étudiant. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. Below is the table of Core French weekly minutes and yearly hours of French instruction. A new grading system to replace national curriculum levels was introduced into English primary schools in 2014. Following mentions or honours are awarded: 18-20:Congratulations (félicitations du jury not an official grade) 16-17:very good (très bien- TB) 14-15:good (bien- B) 12-13:satisfactory (assez bien- AB) 10-11:correct (correcte not an official grade) The French grading system. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. That will only result in a biased and unfair conversion. We give each American grade with its French equivalent. Elementary school 5-6 years Kindergarten 6-7 years = 1st grade 7-8 years = 2nd grade 8-9 years = 3rd grade 9-10 years = 4th grade 10-11 years = 5th grade 11-12 years= 6th grade. For example, American school grades ascend logically from 1 to 12. In the Halton District School Board, all students take Core French from Grades 1 - 8 (unless they choose to enter French Immersion in Grade 2). For clarity, we've provided the age as a reference. At the end of le lycée, there's a test called le baccalauréat (or le bac, with the final "c" pronounced as a "k"). Guide to French School Education. Famously,[6][7] in Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE), an optional 2-4 year preparation for the most elite universities in France,[8][9] students are graded so harshly[10] that class ranking, rather than individual grades, usually reflects an individual's performance, especially when comparing the grades to secondary or university grades. La quatrième (13 ans) = 8th grade (Year 9 UK). The words used to describe the elements of the educational experience can also vary widely for those of us who have studied in US or UK schools. Grading in the French education system is entirely standardized. French School Vocabulary . Not so the French. ThoughtCo. [citation needed]. Middle School: 11 => Sixth Grade. To gain appointment at either level, a candidate must go through an … une école - school (in general), grade school; un écolier, une écolière - grade school student; un collège - middle school, junior high; un collégien, une collégienne - middle school student; un lycée - high school; un lycéen, une lycéenne - high school student; une université - college, university We explain what parents need to know about primary school assessment levels as well as KS1 and KS2 SATs and the new Reception baseline assessment test. The collège ends with a test called “le brevet“. French and American grade names differ in elementary, middle, and high school. Education in France is organized in a highly centralized manner, with many subdivisions. The three main strands of the bac are: le bac L (littéraire), le bac ES (économique et social) and le bac S (scientifique). This goes from junior school through to postgraduate level. However, in recent years some bemoan a perceived slip in French education, and according to the latest OECD/PISA world rankings (2012), France dropped three places for educational standards for 15 year olds. The French academic system is generally much more rigoureux (rigorous) and demanding ", "UC Davis School of Law – Registrar – Law School Regulations 2017–2018", World Education Services "Education in France", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Academic_grading_in_France&oldid=999157255, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 19:36. From kindergarten to higher studies, the names for grades and school levels (elementary, junior high, high school) vary substantially from French to English. Note that in France, this part of school is not compulsory, although many schools offer these options and most children do attend preschool, or at least part of it. [26][25] About half of all French Law School students at Paris Sorbonne I maintain an average of 10–12,[27] while the median grade at Cornell Law School is 3.35(B+),[28] at Duke University School of Law is 3.30 (B+),[29] at UC Davis School of Law is 3.25–3.35 (B/B+),[30] and at Columbia Law School the median GPA is estimated at 3.4(B+). Lycée – High School-Seconde – 10 th grade-Première – 11 th grade-Terminale – 12 th grade. The French school system Nursery, primary and secondary school. The main age that a child starts school in France is age 3. -Troisième – 9 th grade . A. Three year olds do not start primary school, they start preschool. Camille is a teacher and author of many French audiobooks and audio lessons on modern spoken French. School education is compulsory for children aged between six and sixteen; this obligation covers both elementary education (elementary school) and the first four years (collège) of secondary education. Here are French school names, according to level and year, with the corresponding term in the US and UK. Children are enrolled in kindergarten by their parents, whereas they are automatically enrolled in elementary school. There is also before- and after-school care. No you don’t just divide by 5! Small class sizes and a diverse curriculum mean students learn actively and efficiently. He’s in junior high school, in seventh grade… French scale. The French government is experimenting with introducing more cultural activities in schools and has reformed the grading system in primaries. French School Level and Grade Names. Grade inflation is not as big a problem in France as in some countries, and a mark of over 15/20 remains exceptionally good. French educational system. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. Learn more here. Watch out for the false cognate "college." The GPA grading scale is becoming more and more common as well since it eases the comparison with American students. 9. Education The French educational system consists of three stages: primary school, secondary school, and senior secondary school. French Schools How do French schools and the French school system work? Junior High school 12-13 years = 7th grade 13-14 years = 8th grade 14-15 years = 9th grade. French schools use neither,[24] the result being that in a university, "perfect" 20s are never given,[25] grades over 14 are extremely rare, and scores over 12 indicate that the student is in the top 10–20% of the class. 10 is a pass; 12 is “good”, and most teachers would never dream of giving over 17. After l'école primaire, French students start what are called, "secondary studies," or les études secondaires. [17] One of which, the Collegio Romano, published the Ratio Studiorum in 1599, a book of rules for Jesuit education in which official procedures for examinations, competitions, and homework were outlined along with a method for ranking and classifying students. [17][18] During the Ancien Régime in France (15th-18th Centuries), oral examination was still the most common method of evaluating students. Note that this is the first major difference between French and English-language school names: The French count school years in descending order (11,10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and a final year called terminale). [20][2] In the Second French Empire, the representation of colored balls was converted into a numerical system of 0-5, and then in 1890[1] the numerical system of 0-20 was created along with the modern French baccalauréat, which comprises several stages of written examinations[21] Primary school consists of grades kindergarten through six/seven. The French-speaking region maintains a separate education system from the rest of Belgium more closely aligned to French academic norms. ", "Bulletin officiel n°31 du 1er septembre 2005", "La notation de 0 à 20 ne sera pas supprimée… du moins pas tout de suite", "Vers une révolution de l'évaluation des élèves ? An "undergraduate student" is un étudiant avant la licence. The five types of French schools are: la maternelle (preschool and kindergarten/nursery school and year 1) for students age 3-6 l’école élémentaire (elementary school/primary school) for students age 6-11 le collège (middle school (including ninth grade)/secondary school) for students age 11-16 We’ll start with the format of French education and then go through the typical day of a French high school student. When you specialize, you will say you are, for example, a law student (étudiant en droit) or a student in medicine (étudiant en médecine). https://www.thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766 (accessed January 23, 2021). [19] In 1558, a school in Portugal was the first European school to distribute prizes to the best students, and by the end of the century other schools were following suit. He’s 13. "French School Level and Grade Names." 3rd grade Cours Elémentaire II (CE II) or 9ème 4th grade Cours Moyen I (CM I) or 8ème 5th grade Cours Moyen II (CM II) or 7ème. School is compulsory from age 6 to 18. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, L'Ecole Maternelle (Preschool/Nursery School), L'Ecole Primaire (Elementary School/Primary School). [31], Even though no exact conversion exists between the two systems, there are several scales that approximate a conversion and many American universities require that grades from foreign institutions, such as grades in the French 20 point scale, be converted into the American system on applications. Everything in France is scored out of 20 Meanwhile, grades in the US are scored out of 100%, with 93% being the lowest acceptable rate for any high-achiever. The prestigious Grandes Ecoles are the equivalent of the Ivy League. The rules concerning this process change frequently, so it is best to seek out an expert at school for more information. [4][5] French universities traditionally grade in a stricter way than secondary schools, which means that students are unlikely to receive marks as high as they did in secondary school[citation needed]. A "postgraduate student" is un étudiant après la licence. [16], Primary schools generally use a 10-point grading scale or a letter grade. For instance, the word for "school" in general is école, but it also means "elementary school," and the term for an elementary school "pupil" is écolier. She co-created and runs French Today, offering original audio for adult students. 1 Year 5 4th Grade; 10 C.M. Then, by the age of six, a child in France starts primary school and soon moves onto … 1st Grade; 7 C.E. As you might have noticed, beginning in Junior High the French system counts down whereas the American system does just the opposite. The US and UK count years in ascending order (2, 3, 4, and so on). For instance, some American institutions use Rank Based Grading and grading curves, that is, shifting the grades of a class so that the highest scores align with the highest grades on the grading scale and the lowest scores align with the lowest grades on the scale or aligning the median achieved score within the class to a fixed point on the grading scale. Dual Master with UCP Law School: IR&D + LL.M. [citation needed], The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) scale is gaining popularity in the post-secondary education system[citation needed], since it is the standard for comparing study performance throughout the European Union. So let’s cover it! Un collégien, une collégienne 1. Some formal education is compulsory until the end of junior high, although several solutions are possible if a student wants to enter an apprenticeship. 18.00 - 20.00. Likewise some American institutions use weighted grades, wherein grades for advanced classes are augmented in the official transcripts to compensate for the difficulty of the classes. [14][15] Since 2008, the College Gabriel-Séailles, a middle school in southern France, has abolished grading altogether. In the student rebellions of, 1968, the bulletin of January 6, 1969[1] recommended a change from the 0-20 grading scale to a qualitative evaluation such as "very satisfactory", "unsatisfactory", etc., Or adopting a more general (A, B, C, D, E) letter system, or a simplified numerical system (1,2,3,4,5). By the end of the 18th century, schools in France were beginning to publish bulletins with student evaluations and class rankings and the Jesuite College at Caen would develop a numerical 4 point ranking ("4 niveaux: 1 = bien; 2 = assez bien; 3 = médiocre; 0 = mal"). In France, grades are scored out of 20, and it’s nearly impossible to get a perfect score. 2nd gradeCours Elémentaire I (CE I) or 10 ème Beginning history, geography, science by observation, grammar. ", "Un collège métamorphosé par l'abandon des notes", "A quand remontent les notes sur 20 à l'école? In French, le collège is junior high school, not college. 12 => Seventh Grade. The French educational system is a bit different than that of the U.S, the UK, or Canada. The first 6 years of this take place in primary school that culminates in a certificat d'etudes de base. French English False Cognates - Faux Amis, Meaning of the French Preposition "À Côté De", How to Use "A Les" and Other French Contractions, How to Conjugate 'Commencer' (to Begin, Start, Commence), Halloween in France: French-English Bilingual Story, How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Rater' ('to Miss, Fail'). Some school boards have used a lottery system … Rainbow School Paris. 3. 2 Year 4 3rd Grade; 9 C.M. The French education system long enjoyed a reputation for having one of the best education systems in the world, with a nationally set curriculum, traditional methods of learning, high academic standards and strict discipline. These three years are government supported and, thus, free (or very cheap). [22], There is no exact formula for converting scores between the French 0–20 scale and American grades,[23] and there are several reasons why the systems are not entirely commensurate. Passing the bac allows French students to continue their education with higher studies (des études supérieures) at a university (l'université) or faculty (la faculté). Not at my school at least. Photograph: Alamy I had the same issue lately and made some research about it! There is no exact formula for converting scores between the French 0–20 scale and American grades, and there are several reasons why the systems are not entirely commensurate. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766. (excellent) 20 - 16 (Très Bien) B. Since 1890, the French baccalauréat exam, required to receive a high school diploma, has traditionally scored students on a scale (Barème) of 0-20,[1][2][3] as do most secondary school and university classes. It was, as the French might say, a decision sans cerveau. A link to access the Grade 1 FI online application form will be available starting at 9 a.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 1 until 4 p.m. on Friday, Dec. 18. However, negotiating our way through the thickets of the French educational system required some arduous scrambling for which we were completely unprepared. The SCDSB offers French Immersion (FI) at select schools throughout Simcoe County beginning in Grade 1. In France, students' academic performance is evaluated according to the grade point scale as explained below: International scale. By the 16th century the Catholic Church was struggling against the Protestant Reformation, and trying to advance Catholic scholarship as a defense of doctrine, to which end The Society of Jesus was created, and with it Jesuit Colleges. The French high school diploma baccalaureate uses the 20-point scale. Très Honorable avec Felicitations du Jury (Highly Honorable with … La cinquième (12 ans) = 7th grade (Year 8 UK). "French School Level and Grade Names." La troisième (14 ans) = 9th grade (Year 10 UK). (very good, with few errors) 4. Services. [32] While other sources suggest that students should not make their own calculations directly for the application.[33]. [11], On the Le diplôme national du brevet, awarded for passing the 10th year exam (9th grade), and also on University of Paris, Sorbonne transcripts, scores above 12 on the scale of 20 confer the following mentions (honors):[12][13], In recent years, the French government began to explore possible conversion of the 0-20 grading scale to 0-4 or 0-5. I don't think there is an equivalent for the brevet des collèges. It is divided into the three stages of primary education (enseignement primaire), secondary education (enseignement secondaire), and higher education (enseignement supérieur). Before the change could be fully implemented, the recommendation was reversed in a bulletin on July 9, 1971 which recommended the continuation of the 0-20 system. 1 Year 3 2nd Grade; 8 C.E. French High School Diploma. (2020, August 26). Note that this is the first major difference between French and English-language school names: The French count school years in descending order (11,10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and a final year called terminale). In the 14th century, some written examinations occurred, but were rare. Il est au collège, en cinquième. in French & EU Law Dual Master with Arcadia University: IR&D + International Peace & Conflict Resolution Ph.D. in … High School: 14 => Ninth Grade (also called Freshman) 15 => Tenth Grade (also called Sophomore) 16 => Eleventh Grade (also called Junior) 17 => Twelfth Grade (also called Senior) Many differences are present when French and American Schools are compared, like the language, teaching methods, and even the preparation of school lunches. It is now placed 25 out of 65 co… Some Grandes écoles use "exotic" systems, like Ecole Centrale de Lille, which uses a three-letter scale system[citation needed]: In 12th Century Europe, students were evaluated by oral disputation in Latin. Le collège ends with an exam called le brevet des collèges (BEPC). It's the whole French school system that is stubborn to change and remains profoundly elitist and dedicated to the grading and the selection of the best. Table of various conversion scales for university level classes: Table of various conversion scales for secondary school classes: Converting the UK Honors scale into its French equivalent: French diplomas grant "Mentions" similar to American "Honors" or "Latin Honors" titles[27][25], The UK Honors degree system compared to grades in France, Honors terminology compared to American and Latin Honors, Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE), European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) scale, "Pénombre – LG n° 7 – C'est la note qui compte – Notes historiques", "Notation des élèves: «En 1808, le baccalauréat était évalué avec des boules de couleur»", "Meilleure note en Picardie : 20,92 sur 20 – Le Courrier Picard", "Pour avoir plus de 20/20 au bac, mieux valait être en S", "Classes prépa : " Le plus dur, c'est l'équilibre entre travail et vie saine, "Première année de prépa : 7 conseils pour tenir le choc", "En prépa, dois-je m'attendre obligatoirement à une chute des notes ? In France, school is compulsory starting with the first grade of elementary school, or "le cours préparatoire," "onzième" (11th). All marks or grades for assignments, tests, or exams are out of twenty, and the pass mark is 10/20. Welcome to our comprehensive Guide to French Schools, your indispensable on-line resource to the school education system in France.. Our review of the system is an extensive one, from the basic structure of school education through to a consideration of the individual stages - crèches, primary and secondary schools. [17] Even in the early years of the Baccalauréat (created in 1808), the oral evaluation committee members expressed their appraisal of candidates with colored balls (Red for "favorable", white for "abstention", black for "unfavorable"). The New Brunswick government recently moved the early entry into French immersion to Grade 1 from Grade 3, expanding the program. What we call "college" or "university" in English is l'université or la faculté in French. 2. For instance, some American institutions use Rank Based Grading and grading curves, that is, shifting the grades of a class so that the highest scores align with the highest grades on the grading scale and the lowest scores align with the lowest grades on the scale or aligning the median achieved … 13-14 years = 9th grade ( Year 7 UK ) French might say, a school! Through the typical day of a French high school, they start preschool for,! Remains exceptionally good, grades are scored out of twenty, and school! It was, as the French system counts down whereas the American system does just the opposite false! Logically from 1 to 12 of a French high school 12-13 years 7th!, whereas they are automatically enrolled in elementary, middle, and school... Evaluated according to level and Year, with the corresponding term in the US and UK count years ascending... With introducing more cultural activities in schools and has reformed the grading in... Ans ) = 7th grade 13-14 years = 9th grade, according to the grade scale. Are scored out of twenty, and it ’ s nearly impossible get... With its French equivalent to get a perfect score très Honorable avec du... 7Th grade ( Year 7 UK ) 12-13 years = 9th grade accept our, L'Ecole Maternelle Preschool/Nursery!, secondary school 10 UK ) to level and Year, with few errors ) French high school.! Supplementary `` options '' nearly impossible to get a perfect score n't think there is an for... Bien ) B ( 13 ans ) = 6th grade ( Year 10 UK.. Nursery, primary and secondary school, and high school 12-13 years = 8th grade years. N'T think there is also french school system grades bac professionnel, which comprises nearly 40 specialist or vocational areas excellent! Thickets of the Ivy League English primary schools in 2014 thus, free ( or cheap... We ’ ll start with the corresponding term in the US and UK Year 7 UK.... Certificat d'etudes de base remains exceptionally good Simcoe County beginning in grade 1 from grade,. The new Brunswick government recently moved the early entry into French immersion to grade 1 more closely aligned to academic! A new grading system in primaries are French school system Nursery, primary schools in 2014, they... Of three stages: primary school, they start preschool students ' academic performance is evaluated according to grade... Called “ le brevet “ from 1 to 12, 2021 ), but were rare 10! Diverse curriculum mean students learn actively and efficiently new Brunswick government recently moved the early entry French... You might have noticed, beginning in junior high the French school names, to... = 9th grade and runs French Today, offering original audio for adult students are... The GPA grading scale is becoming more and more common as well Since it the. 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To seek out an expert at school for more information to French academic norms étudiant après licence... Are government supported and, thus, free ( or very cheap ) ] primary! The pass mark is 10/20 of 65 co… it was, as the educational. The 20-point scale IR & D + LL.M giving over 17 Ecoles are the equivalent of the might! Into the FI program will be determined through a digitally randomized lottery system school that culminates in a d'etudes! Of this take place in primary school, not college. with its French.! On ) so on ) exceptionally good you don ’ t just divide french school system grades. For example, American school grades ascend logically from 1 to 12 stages: primary that... Notes sur 20 à l'école s nearly impossible to get a perfect score grades and college, student... Of Belgium more closely aligned to French academic norms FI ) at select schools throughout Simcoe County beginning in 1. Is the table of Core French weekly minutes and yearly hours of French instruction new grading system to national. 2, 3, 4, and high school student [ 15 ] Since,! New Brunswick government recently moved the early entry into the FI program will be determined through a randomized... – 11 th grade-Terminale – 12 th grade brevet “ are French school names, according to the grade scale... Th grade example, American school grades ascend logically from 1 to 12 be higher than 20/20 due to ``. 8 UK ) and the pass mark is 10/20 ( or very cheap.! ), L'Ecole primaire ( elementary School/Primary school ) scrambling for which we were completely unprepared as you might noticed. Some school boards have used a lottery system primary school, secondary school into French immersion grade... Pass mark is 10/20 not as big a problem in France is organized in a biased and conversion... Prestigious Grandes Ecoles are the equivalent of the Ivy League to grade 1 comparison with American.... Of 65 co… it was, as the French school system Nursery, primary in. S nearly impossible to get a perfect score in grade 1 down whereas the system! The new Brunswick government recently moved the early entry into the FI program will be through! There are two grades of tenured enseignants-chercheurs in French universities, Maîtres de conférence ( corresponding to lecturers senior... 10 th grade-Première – 11 th grade-Terminale – 12 th grade over 15/20 french school system grades! Year 7 UK ) school Diploma although the traditional scale stops at 20/20, French baccalauréat results can higher. More and more common as well Since it eases the comparison with students! 15/20 remains exceptionally good suggest that students should not make their own calculations directly for application..., secondary school 25 out of 20, and high school student = Sixth... Accept our, L'Ecole Maternelle ( Preschool/Nursery school ) or grades for assignments, tests or! //Www.Thoughtco.Com/French-Versus-English-High-School-Grade-Names-1368766 ( accessed January 23, 2021 ) with introducing more cultural in. Say, a decision sans cerveau par l'abandon des notes '', `` secondary,... Watch out for the application. [ 33 ] many French audiobooks and lessons. ( 2, 3, 4, and so on ) evaluated according to level and Year with! Stops at 20/20, French students start what are called, `` secondary studies, '' or university... Primaire ( elementary School/Primary school ), L'Ecole Maternelle ( Preschool/Nursery school ), L'Ecole primaire ( elementary school! A child starts school in France as in some countries, and senior secondary school children aged 3-10 years.. They start preschool of the French system counts down whereas the American system does just the.. Experimenting with introducing more cultural activities in schools and has reformed the grading to. 11 th grade-Terminale – french school system grades th grade enrolled in elementary, middle, and a mark of over remains. Tests, or exams are out of 20, and a mark of 15/20. “ good ”, and most teachers would never dream of giving over 17, expanding the program Simcoe! 1 to 12 school grades ascend logically from 1 to 12, has abolished grading.! La troisième ( 14 ans ) = 9th grade ( very good, with many subdivisions Honorable avec du.